Flion Flion - 1 month ago 13
React JSX Question

React.js - What is the best way to add a value to an array in state

I have an array in state, let's say this.state.arr.
I want to add something to this state property, and then change some more properties.

Option 1

onChange(event){
this.state.arr.push('newvalue');
...
this.setState({some:'val',arr:this.state.arr})
}


Option 2

onChange(event){
var newArr = this.state.arr;
...
newArr.push('newvalue');
...
this.setState({some:'val',arr:newArr})
}


So.. I know this.state is supposed to be treated immutable. But is it ok to use it like in option 1 where I still set the state from it, or do I need to go with something like option 2, and thus always first making a copy in memory

Answer

Both of the options you provided are the same. Both of them will still point to the same object in memory and have the same array values. You should treat the state object as immutable as you said, however you need to re-create the array so its pointing to a new object, set the new item, then reset the state. Example:

onChange(event){
    var newArray = this.state.arr.slice();    
    newArray.push("new value");   
    this.setState({arr:newArray})
}