jonasfj jonasfj - 4 months ago 32
Python Question

Accessing data files before and after distutils/setuptools

I'm doing a platform independent PyQt application. I intend to use write a setup.py files using setuptools. So far I've managed to detech platform, e.g. load specific options for setup() depending on platform in order to use py2exe on Windows... etc...

However, with my application I'm distributing some themes, HTML and images, I need to load these images in the application at runtime. So far they are stored in the themes/ directory of the application.

I've been reading documentation on setuptools and distutils, and figured out that if I gave setup() the data_files options with all the files in the themes/ directory to be installed in "share/MyApp/themes/" it would be installed with a /usr/ prefix, or whatever sys.prefix is on the platform.
I assume that I would find the data files using os.path.join(sys.prefix, "share", "MyApp", "themes") nomatter what platform I'm on, right?

However, I want to be able to access the data files during development too, where they reside in the themes/ directory relative to application source. How do I do this?
Is there some smart way to figure out whether the application has been installed? Or a utility that maps to the data files regardless of where they are, at the moment?

I would really hate to add all sorts of ugly hacks to see if there are themes relative to the source, or in sys.prefix/share... etc... How do I find there data files during development? and after install on arbitrary platform ?

Answer

I've used a utility method called data_file:

def data_file(fname):
    """Return the path to a data file of ours."""
    return os.path.join(os.path.split(__file__)[0], fname)

I put this in the init.py file in my project, and then call it from anywhere in my package to get a file relative to the package.

Setuptools offers a similar function, but this doesn't need setuptools.

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