b24 b24 - 1 month ago 16
PHP Question

Yii2 role management with rbac and database storage

I want to learn Yii2 membership and use Yii to store and retrieve roles using a database.

I have read Security Authorization and How to add role to user? and Does Anyone Have A Working Example Of Rbac? and also try using the yii2-admin extension and tried to understand how Yii manages user roles but I can't find any working samples or simple step by step examples.

Please guide me and tell me the simplest solution.

Answer

Implementing a role based access control is a very easy process and you can even load your roles from the database if you want.

Step1: Creating necessary tables in the database [ You can also apply migrations with console command yii migrate instead of step 1 ]

The first step is to create necessary tables in the database.Below is the sql you need to run in the database.

drop table if exists `auth_assignment`;
drop table if exists `auth_item_child`;
drop table if exists `auth_item`;
drop table if exists `auth_rule`;

create table `auth_rule`
(
`name` varchar(64) not null,
`data` text,
`created_at` integer,
`updated_at` integer,
    primary key (`name`)
) engine InnoDB;

create table `auth_item`
(
`name` varchar(64) not null,
`type` integer not null,
`description` text,
`rule_name` varchar(64),
`data` text,
`created_at` integer,
`updated_at` integer,
primary key (`name`),
foreign key (`rule_name`) references `auth_rule` (`name`) on delete set null on update cascade,
key `type` (`type`)
) engine InnoDB;

create table `auth_item_child`
(
`parent` varchar(64) not null,
`child` varchar(64) not null,
primary key (`parent`, `child`),
foreign key (`parent`) references `auth_item` (`name`) on delete cascade on update cascade,
foreign key (`child`) references `auth_item` (`name`) on delete cascade on update cascade
) engine InnoDB;

create table `auth_assignment`
(
`item_name` varchar(64) not null,
`user_id` varchar(64) not null,
`created_at` integer,
primary key (`item_name`, `user_id`),
foreign key (`item_name`) references `auth_item` (`name`) on delete cascade on update cascade
) engine InnoDB;

Step2: Setting up the config file

Now you can set up the config file to use the authmanager as DbManager. This is done by adding the following lines to the components section of your config file

     'authManager' => [
                           'class' => 'yii\rbac\DbManager',
                           'defaultRoles' => ['guest'],
          ],

Step3: Adding and assigning roles.

Now you can add roles by simply writing the following code to your corresponding controller.

    use yii\rbac\DbManager;
    $r=new DbManager;
    $r->init();
    $test = $r->createRole('test');
    $r->add($test);

And you can assign it to the users by

    $r->assign($test, 2);

http://www.yiiframework.com/doc-2.0/guide-security-authorization.html