Mateus Mateus -4 years ago 135
PHP Question

Resize images in PHP without using third-party libraries?

In one of my applications, I'm using the code snippet below to copy uploaded images to a directory. It works fine but copying large images (> 2MB) takes more time than ideal and I really don't need images this big, so, I'm looking for a way to resize the images. How to achieve this using PHP?

<?php

$uploadDirectory = 'images/0001/';
$randomNumber = rand(0, 99999);
$filename = basename($_FILES['userfile']['name']);
$filePath = $uploadDirectory.md5($randomNumber.$filename);

// Check if the file was sent through HTTP POST.

if (is_uploaded_file($_FILES['userfile']['tmp_name']) == true) {

// Validate the file size, accept files under 5 MB (~5e+6 bytes).

if ($_FILES['userfile']['size'] <= 5000000) {

// Move the file to the path specified.

if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['userfile']['tmp_name'], $filePath) == true) {

// ...

}

}

}

?>

Answer Source

Finally, I've discovered a way that fit my needs. The following snippet will resize an image to the specified width, automatically calculating the height in order to keep the proportion.

$image = $_FILES["image"]["tmp_name"];
$resizedDestination = $uploadDirectory.md5($randomNumber.$filename)."_RESIZED.jpg";

copy($_FILES, $resizedDestination);

$imageSize = getImageSize($image);
$imageWidth = $imageSize[0];
$imageHeight = $imageSize[1];

$DESIRED_WIDTH = 100;
$proportionalHeight = round(($DESIRED_WIDTH * $imageHeight) / $imageWidth);

$originalImage = imageCreateFromJPEG($image);

$resizedImage = imageCreateTrueColor($DESIRED_WIDTH, $proportionalHeight);

imageCopyResampled($images_fin, $originalImage, 0, 0, 0, 0, $DESIRED_WIDTH+1, $proportionalHeight+1, $imageWidth, $imageHeight);
imageJPEG($resizedImage, $resizedDestination);

imageDestroy($originalImage);
imageDestroy($resizedImage);

To anyone else seeking a complete example, create two files:

<!-- send.html -->

<html>

<head>

    <title>Simple File Upload</title>

</head>

<body>

    <center>

        <div style="margin-top:50px; padding:20px; border:1px solid #CECECE;">

            Select an image.

            <br/>
            <br/>

            <form action="receive.php" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
                <input type="file" name="image" size="40">
                <input type="submit" value="Send">
            </form>

        </div>

    </center>

</body>

<?php

// receive.php

$randomNumber = rand(0, 99999);
$uploadDirectory = "images/";
$filename = basename($_FILES['file_contents']['name']);
$destination = $uploadDirectory.md5($randomNumber.$filename).".jpg";

echo "File path:".$filePath."<br/>";

if (is_uploaded_file($_FILES["image"]["tmp_name"]) == true) {

    echo "File successfully received through HTTP POST.<br/>";

    // Validate the file size, accept files under 5 MB (~5e+6 bytes).

    if ($_FILES['image']['size'] <= 5000000) {

        echo "File size: ".$_FILES["image"]["size"]." bytes.<br/>";

        // Resize and save the image.

        $image = $_FILES["image"]["tmp_name"];
        $resizedDestination = $uploadDirectory.md5($randomNumber.$filename)."_RESIZED.jpg";

        copy($_FILES, $resizedDestination);

        $imageSize = getImageSize($image);
        $imageWidth = $imageSize[0];
        $imageHeight = $imageSize[1];

        $DESIRED_WIDTH = 100;
        $proportionalHeight = round(($DESIRED_WIDTH * $imageHeight) / $imageWidth);

        $originalImage = imageCreateFromJPEG($image);

        $resizedImage = imageCreateTrueColor($DESIRED_WIDTH, $proportionalHeight);

        imageCopyResampled($images_fin, $originalImage, 0, 0, 0, 0, $DESIRED_WIDTH+1, $proportionalHeight+1, $imageWidth, $imageHeight);
        imageJPEG($resizedImage, $resizedDestination);

        imageDestroy($originalImage);
        imageDestroy($resizedImage);

        // Save the original image.

        if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['image']['tmp_name'], $destination) == true) {

            echo "Copied the original file to the specified destination.<br/>";

        }

    }

}

?>
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