PYPL PYPL -4 years ago 207
Linux Question

Redirecting stderr in csh

I'm executing a program that dumps crash report into

from where I have to filter some necessary information. The problem is that I'm unable to redirect
it with

command 2>&1 >/dev/null | grep "^[^-]" >& /tmp/fl

Getting error:
Ambiguous output redirect.

Same command works under bash terminal.
What should I change to make it work ?

Answer Source

csh is significantly more limited than bash when it comes to file redirection. In csh, you can redirect stdout with the usual > operator, you can redirect both stdout and stderr with the >& operator, you can pipe stdout and stderr with the |& operator, but there is no single operator to redirect stderr alone.

The usual workaround is to execute the command in a sub-shell, redirecting stdout in that sub-shell to whatever file you want (/dev/null in this case), and then use the |& operator to redirect stdout and stderr of the sub-shell to the next command in the main shell.

In your case, this means something like:

( command >/dev/null ) |& grep "^[^-]" >&/tmp/fl

Because stdout is redirected to /dev/null inside the sub-shell, the |& operator will end up acting as 2>&1 in bash - since stdout is discarded in the sub-shell, nothing written to stdout will ever reach the pipe.

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