Steve - 6 months ago 26
CSS Question

# Convert 8-digit hex colors to rgba colors?

Everything I've found on this subject simply converts the hex to rgb and then adds an alpha of 1. I want to get the intended alpha from the hex digits as well.

A color such as

`#949494E8`
or
`#DCDCDC8F`
clearly has an alpha value that's not 0 or 1.

I have made a quick JSfiddle form that allows you to convert from 8-digit hex code into CSS rgba values ;)

https://jsfiddle.net/teddyrised/g02s07n4/embedded/result/

The basis is rather simple — to split the string you have provided into parts of 2-digits, and perform conversion into percentage ratios for the alpha channel, and to decimals for the RGB channels. The markup is as follow:

``````<form action="">
<select id="format">
<option value="rgba">RGBa: RRGGBBAA</option>
<option value="argb">aRGB: AARRGGBB</option>
</select>
<input type="text" id="hex" value="#949494E8" />
<button>Convert</button>
</form>
<p id="rgba"></p>
``````

The logic:

``````// Remove hash
var hex = \$('#hex').val().slice(1);

// Split to four channels
var c = hex.match(/.{1,2}/g);

// Function: to decimals (for RGB)
var d = function(v) {
return parseInt(v, 16);
};
// Function: to percentage (for alpha), to 3 decimals
var p = function(v) {
return parseFloat(parseInt((parseInt(v, 16)/255)*1000)/1000);
};

// Check format: if it's argb, pop the alpha value from the end and move it to front
var a, rgb=[];
if(\$('#format').val() == 'argb') {
c.unshift(c.pop());
}

// Convert array into rgba values
a = p(c[3]);
\$.each(c.slice(0,3), function(i,v) {
rgb.push(d(v));
});
``````

The gist of conversion is as follow:

• Converting the RGB channels in hex, into decimal values. This is done by using `parseInt(hexValue, 16)`.
• Converting the alpha channel in hex, into percentage ratio. This is done by simply converting it to decimal values (see above point), and calculating its relative value to 255.
Source (Stackoverflow)