philfreo philfreo - 6 months ago 42
Swift Question

How to make a UITextField move up when keyboard is present?

With the iPhone SDK:

I have a

UIView
with
UITextFields
that brings up a keyboard. I need it to be able to:


  1. Allow scrolling of the contents of the
    UIScrollView
    to see the other text fields once the keyboard is brought up

  2. Automatically "jump" (by scrolling up) or shortening



I know that I need a
UIScrollView
. I've tried changing the class of my
UIView
to a
UIScrollView
but I'm still unable to scroll the textboxes up or down.

Do I need both a UIView and a
UIScrollView
? Does one go inside the other? [EDIT: I now know that you want a
UIView
inside of a
UIScrollView
, and the trick is to programatically set the content size of the
UIScrollView
to the frame size of the
UIView
.]

Then what needs to be implemented in order to automatically scroll to the active text field?

Ideally as much of the setup of the components as possible will be done in Interface Builder. I'd like to only write code for what needs it.

Note: the
UIView
(or
UIScrollView
) that I'm working with is brought up by a tabbar (
UITabBar
), which needs to function as normal.




Edit: I am adding the scroll bar just for when the keyboard comes up. Even though it's not needed, I feel like it provides a better interface because then the user can scroll and change textboxes, for example.

I've got it working where I change the frame size of the
UIScrollView
when the keyboard goes up and down. I'm simply using:

-(void)textFieldDidBeginEditing:(UITextField *)textField {
//Keyboard becomes visible
scrollView.frame = CGRectMake(scrollView.frame.origin.x,
scrollView.frame.origin.y,
scrollView.frame.size.width,
scrollView.frame.size.height - 215 + 50); //resize
}

-(void)textFieldDidEndEditing:(UITextField *)textField {
//keyboard will hide
scrollView.frame = CGRectMake(scrollView.frame.origin.x,
scrollView.frame.origin.y,
scrollView.frame.size.width,
scrollView.frame.size.height + 215 - 50); //resize
}


However this doesn't automatically "move up" or center the lower text fields in the visible area, which is what I would really like.

Answer
  1. You will only need a ScrollView if the contents you have now do not fit in the iPhone screen. (If you are adding the ScrollView just to make the TextField scroll up when keyboard comes up, then it's not needed.)

  2. For showing the textfields without being hidden by the keyboard, the standard way is to move up/down the view having textfields whenever the keyboard is shown.

Here is some sample code:

#define kOFFSET_FOR_KEYBOARD 80.0

-(void)keyboardWillShow {
    // Animate the current view out of the way
    if (self.view.frame.origin.y >= 0)
    {
        [self setViewMovedUp:YES];
    }
    else if (self.view.frame.origin.y < 0)
    {
        [self setViewMovedUp:NO];
    }
}

-(void)keyboardWillHide {
    if (self.view.frame.origin.y >= 0)
    {
        [self setViewMovedUp:YES];
    }
    else if (self.view.frame.origin.y < 0)
    {
        [self setViewMovedUp:NO];
    }
}

-(void)textFieldDidBeginEditing:(UITextField *)sender
{
    if ([sender isEqual:mailTf])
    {
        //move the main view, so that the keyboard does not hide it.
        if  (self.view.frame.origin.y >= 0)
        {
            [self setViewMovedUp:YES];
        }
    }
}

//method to move the view up/down whenever the keyboard is shown/dismissed
-(void)setViewMovedUp:(BOOL)movedUp
{
    [UIView beginAnimations:nil context:NULL];
    [UIView setAnimationDuration:0.3]; // if you want to slide up the view

    CGRect rect = self.view.frame;
    if (movedUp)
    {
        // 1. move the view's origin up so that the text field that will be hidden come above the keyboard 
        // 2. increase the size of the view so that the area behind the keyboard is covered up.
        rect.origin.y -= kOFFSET_FOR_KEYBOARD;
        rect.size.height += kOFFSET_FOR_KEYBOARD;
    }
    else
    {
        // revert back to the normal state.
        rect.origin.y += kOFFSET_FOR_KEYBOARD;
        rect.size.height -= kOFFSET_FOR_KEYBOARD;
    }
    self.view.frame = rect;

    [UIView commitAnimations];
}


- (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated
{
    [super viewWillAppear:animated];
    // register for keyboard notifications
    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
                                         selector:@selector(keyboardWillShow)
                                             name:UIKeyboardWillShowNotification
                                           object:nil];

    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
                                         selector:@selector(keyboardWillHide)
                                             name:UIKeyboardWillHideNotification
                                           object:nil];
}

- (void)viewWillDisappear:(BOOL)animated
{
    [super viewWillDisappear:animated];
    // unregister for keyboard notifications while not visible.
    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self
                                             name:UIKeyboardWillShowNotification
                                           object:nil];

    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self
                                             name:UIKeyboardWillHideNotification
                                           object:nil];
}
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