user148015 user148015 - 7 months ago 243
Java Question

Unexpected method call while using PowerMock- EasyMock

My problem seems to be with some misconception with mocking. The code for test.

public class CallHandler {
private SqlSessionFactory sessionFactory;
public CallHandler() {
String resource = "mybatis/mybatis-config.xml";
Reader reader;
try {
reader = Resources.getResourceAsReader(resource);
sessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader);
}
catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

public String handleRequest(Call call) {
// Some Implementation
}
}


The test class

// I have excluded few unnecessary classes from @PrepareForTest for the post.

@RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class)
@PrepareForTest({SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class, Resources.class, SqlSessionFactory.class, SqlSession.class})
public class TestCase0 extends TestCase{
private SqlSessionFactory mockedSessionFactory = PowerMock.createMock(SqlSessionFactory.class);
private SqlSession mockedSession = PowerMock.createMock(SqlSession.class);
private CallMapper mockedMapper = PowerMock.createMock(CallMapper.class);
private SqlSessionFactoryBuilder mockedSqlSessionFactoryBuilder= PowerMock.createMock(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class);
// Others

@Before
public void setUp() {
}

@Test
public void test0 () throws Exception {
mockStatic(CallMapper.class);
mockStatic(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class);
mockStatic(Resources.class);
expect(Resources.getResourceAsReader("mybatis/mybatis-config.xml")).andReturn(mockedReader); expectNew(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class).andReturn(mockedSqlSessionFactoryBuilder); expect(mockedSqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(mockedReader)).andReturn(mockedSessionFactory);
expect(mockedSessionFactory.openSession()).andReturn(mockedSession);
// Few more expectations
replayAll();
assertThat(RESULT0).isEqualTo((new CallHandler()).handleRequest(call));
verifyAll();
}
}


This mocking of call of build on the new
SqlSessionFactoryBuilder
does not seem to be taking effect because of which the original
build()
is being called and hence the error. The stack trace

java.lang.AssertionError:
Unexpected method call Reader.close();
at org.easymock.internal.MockInvocationHandler.invoke(MockInvocationHandler.java:44)
at org.powermock.api.easymock.internal.invocationcontrol.EasyMockMethodInvocationControl.invoke(EasyMockMethodInvocationControl.java:91)
at org.powermock.core.MockGateway.doMethodCall(MockGateway.java:105)
at org.powermock.core.MockGateway.methodCall(MockGateway.java:168)
at org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.java:58)
at org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.java:38)
at com.kwench.integration.ivr.CallHandler.<init>(CallHandler.java:48)
at in.kwench.integration.ivr.TestCase0.test0(TestCase0.java:131)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
at org.junit.internal.runners.TestMethod.invoke(TestMethod.java:68)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl$PowerMockJUnit44MethodRunner.runTestMethod(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:310)
at org.junit.internal.runners.MethodRoadie$2.run(MethodRoadie.java:88)
at org.junit.internal.runners.MethodRoadie.runBeforesThenTestThenAfters(MethodRoadie.java:96)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl$PowerMockJUnit44MethodRunner.executeTest(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:294)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit47RunnerDelegateImpl$PowerMockJUnit47MethodRunner.executeTestInSuper(PowerMockJUnit47RunnerDelegateImpl.java:127)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit47RunnerDelegateImpl$PowerMockJUnit47MethodRunner.executeTest(PowerMockJUnit47RunnerDelegateImpl.java:82)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl$PowerMockJUnit44MethodRunner.runBeforesThenTestThenAfters(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:282)
at org.junit.internal.runners.MethodRoadie.runTest(MethodRoadie.java:86)
at org.junit.internal.runners.MethodRoadie.run(MethodRoadie.java:49)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.invokeTestMethod(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:207)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.runMethods(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:146)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl$1.run(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:120)
at org.junit.internal.runners.ClassRoadie.runUnprotected(ClassRoadie.java:33)
at org.junit.internal.runners.ClassRoadie.runProtected(ClassRoadie.java:45)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.internal.impl.PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.run(PowerMockJUnit44RunnerDelegateImpl.java:118)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.common.internal.impl.JUnit4TestSuiteChunkerImpl.run(JUnit4TestSuiteChunkerImpl.java:104)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.common.internal.impl.AbstractCommonPowerMockRunner.run(AbstractCommonPowerMockRunner.java:53)
at org.powermock.modules.junit4.PowerMockRunner.run(PowerMockRunner.java:53)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50)

Answer

Without the full example of the code you're testing and the test class itself, it's difficult to say where you issues could be arising.

Having said that, I'm guessing your issue is that you haven't prepared the classes with the static methods. These need to be provided in the @PrepareForTest annotation at the start of your test class.

The documentation for PowerMock provides the following tips for mocking static methods. I'm guessing you've missed out point 2. Here is the source for this documentation

Mocking static methods

Quick summary

  1. Use the @RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class) annotation at the class-level of the test case.
  2. Use the @PrepareForTest(ClassThatContainsStaticMethod.class) annotation at the class-level of the test case.
  3. Use PowerMock.mockStatic(ClassThatContainsStaticMethod.class) to mock all methods of this class.
  4. Use PowerMock.replay(ClassThatContainsStaticMethod.class) to change the class to replay mode.
  5. Use PowerMock.verify(ClassThatContainsStaticMethod.class) to change the class to verify mode.

You are also mocking the constructor call for SqlSessionFactoryBuilder so you'll need to consider the tips for that too. Here is the documentation for this

Mock construction of new objects

Quick summary

  1. Use the @RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class) annotation at the class-level of the test case.
  2. Use the @PrepareForTest(ClassThatCreatesTheNewInstance.class) annotation at the class-level of the test case.
  3. Use PowerMock.createMock(NewInstanceClass.class) to create a mock object of the class that should be constructed (let's call it mockObject).
  4. Use PowerMock.expectNew(NewInstanceClass.class).andReturn(mockObject) to expect a new construction of an object of type NewInstanceClass.class but instead return the mock object.
  5. Use PowerMock.replay(mockObject, NewInstanceClass.class) to change the mock object and class to replay mode, alternatively use the PowerMock.replayAll() method.
  6. Use PowerMock.verify(mockObject, NewInstanceClass.class) to change the mock object and class to verify mode, alternatively use the PowerMock.verifyAll() method.

With those tips in mind, I produced the following test method for the method you provided that you are trying to test. This test passes fine.

@RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class)
@PrepareForTest({CallHandler.class, SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class, Resources.class})
public class CallHandlerTest {

    private static final String RESULT0 = "";

    @Test
    public void test0 () throws Exception {
        final Reader mockedReader = EasyMock.createMock(Reader.class);
        final SqlSessionFactoryBuilder mockedSqlSessionFactoryBuilder = EasyMock.createMock(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class);
        final SqlSessionFactory mockedSessionFactory = EasyMock.createMock(SqlSessionFactory.class);

        PowerMock.mockStatic(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class);
        PowerMock.mockStatic(Resources.class);

        PowerMock.expectNew(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.class).andReturn(mockedSqlSessionFactoryBuilder);
        EasyMock.expect(Resources.getResourceAsReader("mybatis/mybatis-config.xml")).andReturn(mockedReader);
        EasyMock.expect(mockedSqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(mockedReader)).andReturn(mockedSessionFactory);

        PowerMock.replayAll();
        assertThat(RESULT0).isEqualTo((new CallHandler()).handleRequest(new Call()));
        PowerMock.verifyAll();
    }
}