tadm123 tadm123 - 1 month ago 71
Python Question

Selenium and Python, cannot find path

I'm new to programming and started with

Python
about 2 months ago and had been going over the "Automate the boring stuff book". I'm using IDLE and already installed the selenium module and the Firefox browser.
Whenever I tried to run the webdriver function I get this:

from selenium import webdriver
browser = webdriver.Firefox()


Exception :-

Exception ignored in: <bound method Service.__del__ of <selenium.webdriver.firefox.service.Service object at 0x00000249C0DA1080>>
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\common\service.py", line 163, in __del__
self.stop()
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\common\service.py", line 135, in stop
if self.process is None:
AttributeError: 'Service' object has no attribute 'process'
Exception ignored in: <bound method Service.__del__ of <selenium.webdriver.firefox.service.Service object at 0x00000249C0E08128>>
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\common\service.py", line 163, in __del__
self.stop()
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\common\service.py", line 135, in stop
if self.process is None:
AttributeError: 'Service' object has no attribute 'process'
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\common\service.py", line 64, in start
stdout=self.log_file, stderr=self.log_file)
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\subprocess.py", line 947, in __init__
restore_signals, start_new_session)
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\subprocess.py", line 1224, in _execute_child
startupinfo)
FileNotFoundError: [WinError 2] The system cannot find the file specified

During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<pyshell#11>", line 1, in <module>
browser = webdriver.Firefox()
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\firefox\webdriver.py", line 135, in __init__
self.service.start()
File "C:\Python\Python35\lib\site-packages\selenium\webdriver\common\service.py", line 71, in start
os.path.basename(self.path), self.start_error_message)
selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: 'geckodriver' executable needs to be in PATH.


I think I need to set the path for
geckodriver
but not sure how, so can anyone tell me how would I do this?

Answer

selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: 'geckodriver' executable needs to be in PATH.

First of all you will need to download latest executable geckodriver from here to run latest firefox using selenium

Actually The Selenium client bindings tries to locate the geckodriver executable from the system PATH. You will need to add the directory containing the executable to the system path.

  • On Unix systems you can do the following to append it to your system’s search path, if you’re using a bash-compatible shell:

    export PATH=$PATH:/path/to/directory/of/executable/downloaded/in/previous/step
    
  • On Windows you will need to update the Path system variable to add the full directory path to the executable geckodriver manually or command line(don't forget to restart your system after adding executable geckodriver into system PATH to take effect). The principle is the same as on Unix.

Now you can run your code same as you're doing as below :-

from selenium import webdriver

browser = webdriver.Firefox()

selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: Expected browser binary location, but unable to find binary in default location, no 'moz:firefoxOptions.binary' capability provided, and no binary flag set on the command line

Exception clearly states you have installed firefox some other location while Selenium is trying to find firefox and launch from default location but it couldn't find. You need to provide explicitly firefox installed binary location to launch firefox as below :-

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary

binary = FirefoxBinary('path/to/installed firefox binary')
browser = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_binary=binary)
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