tomka - 6 months ago 25

R Question

I often face the problem that I want to draw samples repeatedly with replacement from

`c(0,1)`

`prob`

`prob <- c(1:5/10)`

Two options using both a

`for`

`A <- numeric()`

n <- length(prob)

for(i in 1:n){

A[i] <- rbinom( 1 , 1 , prob = prob[i] )

}

and

`for(i in 1:n){`

A[i] <- sample( c(0,1) , 1 , prob = c(1-prob[i],prob[i]) )

}

Are there more straight forward (optimal, ellegant) ways to do this, e.g. without using the

`for`

Answer

All the distribution functions are fully vectorized, e.g.:

```
set.seed(42)
rbinom(2, 1, c(0.01, 0.99))
#[1] 0 1
rnorm(2, mean = c(1, 1e3))
#[1] 0.4353018 1000.3631284
rf(2, c(1, 10), c(10, 1))
#[1] 1.408771 4.677464
```

etc.