Dr.Optix Dr.Optix - 1 month ago 24
Android Question

Unresolved reference inside anonymous Kotlin listener

I have the code below. It is Kotlin. Any idea why

textToSpeech
from
textToSpeech.setLanguage(Locale.UK)
is telling that there is no reference resolved for
textToSpeech
?

val textToSpeech = TextToSpeech(
applicationContext,
object : TextToSpeech.OnInitListener {
override fun onInit(status: Int) {
if (status == TextToSpeech.SUCCESS) {
textToSpeech.setLanguage(Locale.UK)
}
}

})


At first I assumed it is an Idea kotlin plugin bug, but it seems that it actually can't be compiled

Answer

Kotlin has hardened the variables initialization policy, and it's now prohibited to reference the variable inside its initializer, even in lambdas and object expressions, which seems reasonable: imagine that a lambda is called immediately before the variable assignment.

For your case, I can suggest as a workaround using an object expression in this quite cumbersome construct:

val textToSpeech = object {
    val value: TextToSpeech get() = inner
    private val inner = TextToSpeech(
            applicationContext,
            { value.setLanguage(Locale.UK) }
    )
}.value

This will initialize an anonymous object with inner inside that is acceptable through value property. Note that the inner initializer uses value property. Then the value is extracted and can be used.

But please keep in mind that this trick is unsafe: in runtime, using value before inner is assigned (e.g. in TextToSpeech constructor) will throw NullPointerException.

Also, I've replaced the OnInitListener with a lambda using SAM conversion to be short, but object expression can still be used there.


UPD: check this question for my effort to generalize this approach. Using it, you can write

val textToSpeech = selfReference {
    TextToSpeech(
        applicationContext,
        { self.setLanguage(Locale.UK) }
    )
}

See the sources on Github.

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