aizquier aizquier - 1 month ago 5
PHP Question

PHP is confused when adding and concatenating

I have the following code:

<?php

$a = 1;
$b = 2;

echo "sum: " . $a + $b;
echo "sum: " . ($a + $b);

?>


When I execute my code I get:

2
sum: 3


Why does it fail to print the string
"sum:"
in the first echo? It seems to be fine when the addition is enclosed in parentheses.

Is this weird behaviour anywhere documented?

Answer

Both operators the addition + operator and the concatenation . operator have the same operator precedence, but since they are left associative they get evaluated like the following:

echo (("sum:" . $a) + $b);
echo ("sum:" . ($a + $b));

So your first line does the concatenation first and ends up with:

"sum: 1" + 2

(Now since this is a numeric context your string gets converted to an integer and thus you end up with 0 + 2, which then gives you the result 2.)

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