Jay Jay - 1 year ago 156
C Question

gcc ASAN doesn't stop on purported runtime error

I would like address sanitizer to abort when it catches something. I thought it was designed to do that by default but it does not seem to be working for me. I also tried

which had no effect. Here are the details:

In a project I work on we use address sanitizer and it gave off this warning/error for weeks without anyone realizing it:

runtime error: null pointer passed as argument xx, which is declared to never be null

Despite being called a runtime error it does not stop the program or cause a bad exit code. Here is a simple program to demonstrate it:

gcc -fsanitize=address,undefined \
-Wformat \
-Werror=format-security \
-Werror=array-bounds \
-g -o xasan xasan.c

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
fprintf(stderr, "before\n");
memcpy(NULL, argc > 1 ? "" : NULL, argc > 1 ? 1 : 0);
fprintf(stderr, "after\n");
return 0;

The argc trick is just so the gcc doesn't optimize out the memcpy call, basically in our code it ends up as
memcpy(dst, NULL, 0)
which causes the runtime error/warning.

I would expect that 'after' would not be output after the runtime error but it is and the program exit code is 0. Is this a bug? The manual says it's supposed to stop.

Jay Jay
Answer Source

The error it turns out is from UBSAN and the answer is to use the compiler switch -fno-sanitize-recover as seen here.

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