Premraj Premraj - 3 months ago 29
Java Question

How to write JUnit test with Spring Autowire?

Here are the files that I use:

component.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.0.xsd">

<context:component-scan
base-package="controllers,services,dao,org.springframework.jndi" />
</beans>


ServiceImpl.java

@org.springframework.stereotype.Service
public class ServiceImpl implements MyService {

@Autowired
private MyDAO myDAO;

public void getData() {...}
}


ServiceImplTest.java

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration("classpath*:conf/components.xml")
public class ServiceImplTest{

@Test
public void testMyFunction() {...}
}


Error:

16:22:48.753 [main] ERROR o.s.test.context.TestContextManager - Caught exception while allowing TestExecutionListener [org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener@2092dcdb] to prepare test instance [services.ServiceImplTest@9e1be92]
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'services.ServiceImplTest': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private services.ServiceImpl services.ServiceImplTest.publishedServiceImpl; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No matching bean of type [services.ServiceImpl] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:287) ~[spring-beans.jar:3.1.2.RELEASE]

Answer

Make sure you have imported the correct package. If I remeber correctly there are two different packages for Autowiring. Should be :org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

Also this looks wierd to me :

@ContextConfiguration("classpath*:conf/components.xml")

Here is an example that works fine for me :

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = { "/applicationContext_mock.xml" })
public class OwnerIntegrationTest {

    @Autowired
    OwnerService ownerService;

    @Before
    public void setup() {

        ownerService.cleanList();

    }

    @Test
    public void testOwners() {

        Owner owner = new Owner("Bengt", "Karlsson", "Ankav├Ągen 3");
        owner = ownerService.createOwner(owner);
        assertEquals("Check firstName : ", "Bengt", owner.getFirstName());
        assertTrue("Check that Id exist: ", owner.getId() > 0);

        owner.setLastName("Larsson");
        ownerService.updateOwner(owner);
        owner = ownerService.getOwner(owner.getId());
        assertEquals("Name is changed", "Larsson", owner.getLastName());

    }