user1029779 user1029779 - 5 months ago 18x
HTML Question

Bootstrap CSS Active Navigation

On the Bootstrap website the subnav matches up with the sections and changes background color as you or scroll to the section. I wanted to create my own menu without all the background colors and everything, however, I changed my CSS to be similar but when I scroll down or click on the menu item the active class does not switch. Not sure what I'm doing wrong.


<ul class="menu">
<li class="active"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="#about">About Us</a></li>
<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>


.menu {list-style:none;}
.menu > li {float: left;}
.menu > li > a {color:#555;float: none;padding: 10px 16px 11px;display: block;}
.menu > li > a:hover {color: #F95700;}
.menu .active > a, .menu .active > a:hover {color:#F95700;}

I checked the files; jQuery, bootstrap.js and bootstrap.css are all linked properly. Do I have to add some additional jQuery in or am I missing some CSS to get the active to switch like the subnav menu on their site?


In order to switch the class, you need to perform some JavaScript.

In jQuery:

$('.menu li a').click(function(e) {
  var $this = $(this);
  if (!$this.hasClass('active')) {

In JavaScript:

var menu = document.querySelector('.menu');
var anchors = menu.getElementsByTagName('a');

for (var i = 0; i < anchors.length; i += 1) {
  anchors[i].addEventListener('click', function() { clickHandler(anchors[i]) }, false);

function clickHandler(anchor) {
  var hasClass = anchor.getAttribute('class');
  if (hasClass !== 'active') {
    anchor.setAttribute('class', 'active');

I hope this helps.