Nick Nick - 6 months ago 18
MySQL Question

MySQL: GROUP_CONCAT with LEFT JOIN

I'm experiencing a problem with MySQL's "GROUP_CONCAT" function. I will illustrate my problem using a simple help desk database:

CREATE TABLE Tickets (
id INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
requester_name VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
description TEXT NOT NULL);

CREATE TABLE Solutions (
id INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
ticket_id INTEGER NOT NULL,
technician_name VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
solution TEXT NOT NULL,
FOREIGN KEY (ticket_id) REFERENCES Tickets.id);

INSERT INTO Tickets VALUES(1, 'John Doe', 'My computer is not booting.');
INSERT INTO Tickets VALUES(2, 'Jane Doe', 'My browser keeps crashing.');
INSERT INTO Solutions VALUES(1, 1, 'Technician A', 'I tried to solve this but was unable to. I will pass this on to Technician B since he is more experienced than I am.');
INSERT INTO Solutions VALUES(2, 1, 'Technician B', 'I reseated the RAM and that fixed the problem.');
INSERT INTO Solutions VALUES(3, 2, 'Technician A', 'I was unable to figure this out. I will again pass this on to Technician B.');
INSERT INTO Solutions VALUES(4, 2, 'Technician B', 'I re-installed the browser and that fixed the problem.');


Notice that this help desk database has two tickets, each with two solution entries. My goal is to use a SELECT statement to create a list of all of the tickets in the database with their corrosponding solution entries. This is the SELECT statement I'm using:

SELECT Tickets.*, GROUP_CONCAT(Solutions.solution) AS CombinedSolutions
FROM Tickets
LEFT JOIN Solutions ON Tickets.id = Solutions.ticket_id
ORDER BY Tickets.id;


The problem with the above SELECT statement is it's returning only one row:

id: 1
requester_name: John Doe
description: My computer is not booting.
CombinedSolutions: I tried to solve this but was unable to. I will pass this on to Technician B since he is more experienced than I am.,I reseated the RAM and that fixed the problem.,I was unable to figure this out. I will again pass this on to Technician B.,I re-installed the browser and that fixed the problem.


Notice that it's returning ticket 1's information with both ticket 1's and ticket 2's solution entries.

What am I doing wrong? Thanks!

Answer

Use:

   SELECT t.*,
          x.combinedsolutions
     FROM TICKETS t
LEFT JOIN (SELECT s.ticket_id,
                  GROUP_CONCAT(s.soution) AS combinedsolutions
             FROM SOLUTIONS s 
         GROUP BY s.ticket_id) x ON x.ticket_id = t.ticket_id

Alternate:

   SELECT t.*,
          (SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(s.soution)
             FROM SOLUTIONS s 
            WHERE s.ticket_id = t.ticket_id) AS combinedsolutions
     FROM TICKETS t