Donotalo Donotalo - 13 days ago 6
C++ Question

Q_OBJECT throwing 'undefined reference to vtable' error

I'm using Qt Creator 2.0.1 with Qt 4.7.0 (32 bit) on Windows 7 Ultimate 32 bit.

Consider the following code, which is a minimum to produce the error:

class T : public QObject, public QGraphicsItem
{
Q_OBJECT

public:
T() {}

QRectF boundingRect() const {return QRectF();}
void paint(QPainter *painter, const QStyleOptionGraphicsItem *option,
QWidget *widget) {}
};

int main()
{
T t;
return 0;
}


The above code fragment causes the following linker errors:


In function `T':

undefined reference to `vtable for T'

undefined reference to `vtable for T'

In function `~T':

undefined reference to `vtable for T'

undefined reference to `vtable for T'


If I comment out the line that contains
Q_OBJECT
, it compiles fine. I need signal and slots with
QGraphicsItem
so I need
Q_OBJECT
.

What is wrong with the code? Thanks.

Answer

It is because the unit generated by MOC isn't included in the linking process. Or maybe it isn't generated at all. The first thing I'd do is to put the class declaration in a separate header file, perhaps the build system isn't scanning implementation files.

Another possibility is that the class in question once didn't belong to Qt meta object system (that is, it had no Q_OBJECT or maybe didn't inherit from QObject at all), so qmake needs to be run again in order to create the necessary rules for MOC. The easiest way to force qmake to be run is to make some insignificant changes to the project file to update its timestamp, like adding and then removing some white space. Or, if you're using Qt Creator, then just select “Run qmake” from the project context menu.