rayman rayman - 1 year ago 55
Java Question

How to create custom annotation with code behind

I would like to create my own custom annotation. My framework is Stand alone java application. When someone annotate his pojo class a "hidden" code behind will trigger methods.

For example, today in Java EE we have

And when you annotate your class with
and in addition implement MessageListener Interface there is a behind code that will trigger
onMessage(Message msg)
. when a message arrives from a Queue/Topic.

How Do I create annotation(
) which could be added to a pojo and also implement

The result which I desire is a trigger of "hidden" code (of mine) which will trigger a method of an implemented interface (exactly as it works with the sample i Wrote below).

Answer Source

I propose to follow this blog entry up to the point where the author remembers (s)he has access to Spring's component scan feature.

The initial issue is to scan the class path to find classes with the custom annotation. Once this is done, you have the objects in your standalone application through which using object.getClass().getAnnotations(), you can then inject the listeners or custom behavior you need to add to the objects holding the custom annotations.

Let's say you have the following custom annotation:

@Target({ ElementType.TYPE })
public @interface MyMessageDriven {}

And you use it some class in you application:

public class MyObject {}

Now, in the appropriate location in your application, you should have a method to give out all classes carrying MyMessageDriven:

Set<Class<?>> findAllMessageDrivenClasses() {
  final StopWatch sw = new StopWatch();
  final Reflections reflections = new Reflections("org.projectx", new TypeAnnotationsScanner());
  Set<Class<?>> allMessageDrivens = reflections.getTypesAnnotatedWith(MyMessageDriven.class); // NOTE HERE
  return allMessageDrivens;

Having this, I assume that there is a point in your application that either (1) you have access to the objects in your application, or (2) there is a visitor or iterator pattern on all the objects in the application. So, in some point, I assume that we have all targeted objects as objects:

Set<Class<?>> msgDrivenClasses = findAllMessageDrivenClasses();
for (Object o : objects) {
  if (msgDrivenClasses.contains(o.getClass()) {

On the other hand, there should be some implementation of MyMessageListener that is available when the objects having MyMessageDriven are found:

void invokeTheMessageListener(Object o) {

This answer is tailored from the blog entry so please refer to the blog for configuration of libraries. And, last but not least, this is a sample code for the problem and it can be refactored to more pattern-compatible and elegant style.

Update: There is a requirement that the targeted objects should be aware of their own listeners. So, I'd suggest the following approach. Let's have an interface MyMessageListenerAware:

interface MyMessageListenerAware {
  MyMessageListener getMyMessageListener();

// and this is the original MyMessageListener
interface MyMessageListener {
  void onMessage(Object o);

Now, the target objects should implement the above interface:

class MySampleObject implements MyMessageListenerAware {

  public MyMesssageListener getMyMessageLisener() {
    return mySampleObjectImplementationOfMyMessageListener;


Having this, the method invokeTheMessageListener becomes like:

void invokeMessageListener(Object o) {
  if (o instance MyMessageListenerAware) {
    MyMessageListener l = ((MyMessageListenerAware) o).getMyMessageListener();

Although, I strongly recommend reading about Visitor or Strategy pattern. What you aim to do seems to me like you need certain objects react/act/process to a common object/event in the application but each with their own interpretation/algorithm/implementation.

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