blamonet blamonet - 1 month ago 13
Bash Question

In Bash how do you see if a string is not in an array?

I'm trying to do this without adding additional code, such as another for loop. I can create the positive logic of comparing a string to an array. Although I want the negative logic and only print values not in the array, essentially this is to filter out system accounts.

My directory has files in it like this:

admin.user.xml
news-lo.user.xml
system.user.xml
campus-lo.user.xml
welcome-lo.user.xml


This is the code I used to do a positive match if that file is in the directory:

#!/bin/bash

accounts=(guest admin power_user developer analyst system)

for file in user/*; do

temp=${file%.user.xml}
account=${temp#user/}
if [[ ${accounts[*]} =~ "$account" ]]
then
echo "worked $account";
fi
done


Any help in the right direction would be appreciated, thanks.

Answer

You can negate the result of the positive match:

if ! [[ ${accounts[*]} =~ "$account" ]]

or

if [[ ! ${accounts[*]} =~ "$account" ]]

However, notice that if $account equals "user", you'll get a match, since it matches a substring of "power_user". It's best to iterate explicitly:

match=0
for acc in "${accounts[@]}"; do
    if [[ $acc = "$account" ]];
        match=1
        break
    fi
done
if [[ $match = 0 ]]; then
    echo "No match found"
fi