Rachit Rachit - 2 months ago 10
PHP Question

PHP multi dimensional array search

I have an array where I want to search the

uid
and get the key of the multidimensional array.

Examples



Assume we have the following 2-dimensional array:

$userdb=Array
(
(0) => Array
(
(uid) => '100',
(name) => 'Sandra Shush',
(url) => 'urlof100'
),

(1) => Array
(
(uid) => '5465',
(name) => 'Stefanie Mcmohn',
(pic_square) => 'urlof100'
),

(2) => Array
(
(uid) => '40489',
(name) => 'Michael',
(pic_square) => 'urlof40489'
)
);


The function call
search_by_uid(100)
(uid of first user) should return
0
.

The function call
search_by_uid(40489)
should return
2
.

I tried making loops, but I want a faster executing code.

Answer
function searchForId($id, $array) {
   foreach ($array as $key => $val) {
       if ($val['uid'] === $id) {
           return $key;
       }
   }
   return null;
}

This will work. You should call it like this:

$id = searchForId('100', $userdb);

It is important to know that if you are using === operator compared types have to be exactly same, in this example you have to search string or just use == instead ===.

Based on angoru answer. In later versions of PHP (>= 5.5.0) you can use one-liner.

$key = array_search('100', array_column($userdb, 'uid'));

Here is documentation: http://php.net/manual/en/function.array-column.php.

Comments