Kaos Kaos - 5 months ago 10
Python Question

Python NameError, variable 'not defined'

the error it returns is:

NameError: name 'lives' is not defined


I know the code isn't as efficient as possible, this is one of my first projects, however whatever i try to do this error pops up, I've tried making a global for it but that didn't help. I would really appreciate some help with this, thanks!

import random
import time

def main():
global guess,rand_num
win = False
rand_num = 45
lives = 10
while lives > 0 and win == False:
guess = int(input("Guess a number!"))
compare()
print("Well done!")
time.sleep(3)

def compare():
global lives,win
if guess == rand_num:
print("You guessed correct!")
win = True
elif guess > rand_num:
print ("Guess lower!")
lives = lives - 1
else:
print ("Guess higher!")
lives = lives - 1

def repeat():
replay = input("would you like to play again? Y/N")
if replay == "Y":
print("enjoy!")
main()
elif replay == "N":
"Goodbye then, hope you enjoyed!"
time.sleep(3)
os._exit
else:
print("please enter Y or N")
repeat()

main()
repeat()


EDIT: putting global lives inside main() returns the error:

UnboundLocalError: local variable 'lives' referenced before assignment

Answer

You need to define the variable "lives" outside of the function main, then any function where you want to reference that global variable you say "global lives." When you are in a function and assign a value to a variable, it assumes it is in the local scope. using "global lives" tells that function to look to the global scope as the reference of lives.

import random
import time

lives = 10
win = False
guess = 0
rand_num = 45

def main():
    global guess, rand_num, lives, win
    win = False
    rand_num = 45
    lives = 10
    while lives > 0 and win == False:
        guess = int(input("Guess a number!"))
        compare()
    print("Well done!")
    time.sleep(3)

def compare():
    global guess, rand_num, lives, win
    if guess == rand_num:
        print("You guessed correct!")
        win = True
    elif guess > rand_num:
        print ("Guess lower!")
        lives = lives - 1
    else:
        print ("Guess higher!")
        lives = lives - 1

def repeat():
    replay = input("would you like to play again? Y/N")
    if replay == "Y":
        print("enjoy!")
        main()
    elif replay == "N":
        "Goodbye then, hope you enjoyed!"
        time.sleep(3)
        os._exit
    else:
        print("please enter Y or N")
        repeat()

main()
repeat()