RoyalTS RoyalTS - 1 month ago 4
R Question

split comma-separated column into separate rows

I have a data frame, like so:

data.frame(director = c("Aaron Blaise,Bob Walker", "Akira Kurosawa",
"Alan J. Pakula", "Alan Parker", "Alejandro Amenabar", "Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu",
"Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu,Benicio Del Toro", "Alejandro González Iñárritu",
"Alex Proyas", "Alexander Hall", "Alfonso Cuaron", "Alfred Hitchcock",
"Anatole Litvak", "Andrew Adamson,Marilyn Fox", "Andrew Dominik",
"Andrew Stanton", "Andrew Stanton,Lee Unkrich", "Angelina Jolie,John Stevenson",
"Anne Fontaine", "Anthony Harvey"), AB = c('A', 'B', 'A', 'A', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'A', 'B', 'A', 'B', 'A', 'A', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'B', 'A'))

As you can see, some entries in the
column are multiple names separated by commas. I would like to split these entries up into separate rows while maintaining the values of the other column. As an example, the first row in the data frame above should be split into two rows, with a single name each in the
column and 'A' in the


Naming your original data.frame v, we have this:

> s <- strsplit(as.character(v$director), ',')
> data.frame(director=unlist(s), AB=rep(v$AB, sapply(s, FUN=length)))
                      director AB
1                 Aaron Blaise  A
2                   Bob Walker  A
3               Akira Kurosawa  B
4               Alan J. Pakula  A
5                  Alan Parker  A
6           Alejandro Amenabar  B
7  Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu  B
8  Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu  B
9             Benicio Del Toro  B
10 Alejandro González Iñárritu  A
11                 Alex Proyas  B
12              Alexander Hall  A
13              Alfonso Cuaron  B
14            Alfred Hitchcock  A
15              Anatole Litvak  A
16              Andrew Adamson  B
17                 Marilyn Fox  B
18              Andrew Dominik  B
19              Andrew Stanton  B
20              Andrew Stanton  B
21                 Lee Unkrich  B
22              Angelina Jolie  B
23              John Stevenson  B
24               Anne Fontaine  B
25              Anthony Harvey  A

Note the use of rep to build the new AB column. Here, sapply returns the number of names in each of the original rows.