mascaliente mascaliente - 2 years ago 123
SQL Question

Remove values in comma separated list from database

I have a table in my MySQL database called 'children'. In that table is a row called 'wishes' (a comma separated list of the child's wishlist items). I need to be able to update that list so that it only removes one value. i.e. the list = Size 12 regular jeans, Surfboard, Red Sox Baseball Cap; I want to remove Surfboard.

My query right now looks like this

$select = mysql_query('SELECT * FROM children WHERE caseNumber="'.$caseNum.'" LIMIT 1 ');
$row = mysql_fetch_array($select);

foreach ($wish as $w) {
$allWishes = $row['wishes'];
$newWishes = str_replace($w, '', $allWishes);
$update = mysql_query("UPDATE children SET wishes='$newWishes' WHERE caseNum='".$caseNum."'");

But the UPDATE query isn't removing anything. How can I do what I need?

Answer Source

Using these user-defined REGEXP_REPLACE() functions, you may be able to replace it with an empty string:

UPDATE children SET wishes = REGEXP_REPLACE(wishes, '(,(\s)?)?Surfboard', '') WHERE caseNum='whatever';

Unfortunately, you cannot just use plain old REPLACE() because you don't know where in the string 'Surfboard' appears. In fact, the regex above would probably need additional tweaking if 'Surfboard' occurs at the beginning or end.

Perhaps you could trim off leading and trailing commas left over like this:

UPDATE children SET wishes = TRIM(BOTH ',' FROM REGEXP_REPLACE(wishes, '(,(\s)?)?Surfboard', '')) WHERE caseNum='whatever';

So what's going on here? The regex removes 'Surfboard' plus an optional comma & space before it. Then the surrounding TRIM() function eliminates a possible leading comma in case 'Surfboard' occurred at the beginning of the string. That could probably be handled by the regex as well, but frankly, I'm too tired to puzzle it out.

Note, I've never used these myself and cannot vouch for their effectiveness or robustness, but it is a place to start. And, as others are mentioning in the comments, you really should have these in a normalized wishlist table, rather than as a comma-separated string.


Thinking about this more, I'm more partial to just forcing the use of built-in REPLACE() and then cleaning out the extra comma where you may get two commas in a row. This is looking for two commas side by side, as though there had been no spaces separating your original list items. If the items had been separated by commas and spaces, change ',,' to ', ,' in the outer REPLACE() call.

UPDATE children SET wishes = TRIM(BOTH ',' FROM REPLACE(REPLACE(wishes, 'Surfboard', ''), ',,', ',')) WHERE caseNum='whatever';
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