Felipe A. Felipe A. - 1 year ago 243
Java Question

Spring boot Dynamic Query

I have a filter in my webapp, allowing to search by vehicle type, brand, fuel, state and city but all these filters are optional.

How can I do this using repositories.

Controller class

@RequestMapping(value = "/vehicle/search", method = RequestMethod.GET, produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE)
public Iterable<Veiculo> findBySearch(@RequestParam Long vehicletype, @RequestParam Long brand,
@RequestParam Long model, @RequestParam Long year,
@RequestParam Long state, @RequestParam Long city) {
return veiculoService.findBySearch(vehicletype, brand, model, year, state, city);

Service class

public Iterable<Vehicle> findBySearch(Long vehicletype, Long brand, Long model, Long year, Long state, Long city) {
if(vehicletype != null){
//TODO: filter by vehicletype
if(brand != null){
//TODO: filter by brand
if(model != null){
//TODO: filter by model

return //TODO: Return my repository with personal query based on filter

I haven't implemented anything yet because I don't understand how can I do this filter.

Vehicle Class

@Table(name = "tb_veiculo")
public class Veiculo {

@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
@Column(name = "id", nullable = false)
private Long id;

@ManyToMany(cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
@JoinTable(name = "veiculo_opcionais",
joinColumns = @JoinColumn(name = "veiculo_id", referencedColumnName = "id"),
inverseJoinColumns = @JoinColumn(name = "opcional_id", referencedColumnName = "id"))
private List<Opcional> opcionais;

@OneToMany(mappedBy = "veiculo", fetch = FetchType.LAZY, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
private List<VeiculoImagem> veiculoImagens;

@ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
@JoinColumn(name = "cambio_id", foreignKey = @ForeignKey(name = "fk_cambio"))
private Cambio cambio;

@ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
@JoinColumn(name = "combustivel_id", foreignKey = @ForeignKey(name = "fk_combustivel"))
private Combustivel combustivel;

@ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
@JoinColumn(name = "cor_id", foreignKey = @ForeignKey(name = "fk_cor"))
private Cor cor;

@ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
@JoinColumn(name = "modelo_id", foreignKey = @ForeignKey(name = "fk_modelo"))
private Modelo modelo;

@ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
@JoinColumn(name = "usuario_id", foreignKey = @ForeignKey(name = "fk_usuario"))
private Usuario usuario;

@Column(name = "anoFabricacao", nullable = false)
private int anoFabricacao;

@Column(name = "anoModelo", nullable = false)
private int anoModelo;

@Column(name = "quilometragem", nullable = false)
private int quilometragem;

@Column(name = "porta", nullable = false)
private int porta;

@Column(name = "valor", nullable = false)
private double valor;


The vehicletype and brand it's from another table... I'm portuguese, i've translated the code to english...

When It happen, what i need to do?

Answer Source

You can use the specification API from Spring, which is a wrapper around the criteria API from JPA that allows you to create more dynamic queries.

In your case I assume that you have a Vehicle entity that has a field brand, year, state, city, ... .

If that's the case, you can write the following specification:

public class VehicleSpecifications {
    public static Specification<Vehicle> withCity(Long city) {
        if (city == null) {
            return null;
        } else {
            // Specification using Java 8 lambdas
            return (root, query, cb) -> cb.equal(root.get("city"), city);

    // TODO: Implement withModel, withVehicleType, withBrand, ...

If you have to do a join (for example if you want to retrieve Vehicle.city.id) then you can use:

return (root, query, cb) -> cb.equal(root.join("city").get("id"), city);

Now, in you repository you have to make sure you extend from JpaSpecificationExecutor, for example:

public interface VehicleRepository extends JpaRepository<Vehicle, Long>, JpaSpecificationExecutor<Vehicle> {


By extending from this interface, you'll get access to the findAll(Specification spec) method that allows you to execute specifications. If you need to combine multiple specifications (one filter = one specification usually), you can use the Specifications class:


In the code example above I'm using static import for Specifications.where and for VehicleSpecifications.* to make it look a bit more declarative.

You don't have to write if() statements here because we already wrote them in VehicleSpecifications.withCity(). As long as you return null from these methods they will be ignored by Spring.

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