itsaboutcode itsaboutcode - 1 month ago 5x
Ruby Question

What is the purpose of "!" and "?" at the end of method names?

Sometimes I see methods in Ruby that have "?" and "!" at the end of them, e.g:

name = "sample_string"

I was wondering what their purpose is? Are they just syntax sugarcoating?


It's "just sugarcoating" for readability, but they do have common meanings:

  • Methods ending in ! perform some permanent or potentially dangerous change; for example:
    • Enumerable#sort returns a sorted version of the object while Enumerable#sort! sorts it in place.
    • In Rails, ActiveRecord::Base#save returns false if saving failed, while ActiveRecord::Base#save! raises an exception.
    • Kernel::exit causes a script to exit, while Kernel::exit! does so immediately, bypassing any exit handlers.
  • Methods ending in ? return a boolean, which makes the code flow even more intuitively like a sentence — if reads like "if the number is zero", but if just looks weird.

In your example, name.reverse evaluates to a reversed string, but only after the name.reverse! line does the name variable actually contain the reversed name. name.is_binary_data? looks like "is name binary data?".