Petr Novák Petr Novák - 10 days ago 7
Java Question

Spring mapping JSON to java POJO

I have API which returns JSON in this format:

[
{ "shrtName": "abc", "validFrom": "2016-10-23", "name": "aaa", "version": 1 },
{ "shrtName": "def", "validFrom": "2016-11-20", "name": "bbb", "version": 1 },
{ "shrtName": "ghi", "validFrom": "2016-11-22", "name": "ccc", "version": 1 }
]


I have this code which reads API and returns it as a String. But I want to read this API and map it into the Java POJO class.

public String downloadAPI(){
RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate();
HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
headers.set("API-Key", "4444444-3333-2222-1111-88888888");
HttpEntity<?> requestEntity = new HttpEntity<Object>(headers);
String URL = "https://aaaaaaa.io/api/v1/aaaaaaaaa?date=2015-04-04;
restTemplate.getMessageConverters().add(new StringHttpMessageConverter());
ResponseEntity<String> response = restTemplate.exchange(URL, HttpMethod.GET, requestEntity, String.class);
return response.getBody();
}


My questions:

1) Format of POJO?

2) Changes in my method (return type POJO instead of String)

Answer

Your JSON is an array that's why []

Create POJO

public class MyPOJO {
    private String shrtName;
    private Date validFrom;
    private String name;
    private int version;    
}

Remove message converter and refactor restTemplate exchange method to

ResponseEntity<MyPOJO[].class> response = restTemplate.exchange(URL, HttpMethod.GET, requestEntity, MyPOJO[].class);

This is generic function that I use for GET requests

    public <T> T getRequestAndCheckStatus(final String url, final Class<T> returnTypeClass,
                                          final List<MediaType> mediaTypes,
                                          final Map<String, String> headerParams,
                                          final Map<String, Object> queryParams) throws Exception {

        final HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
        headers.setAccept(mediaTypes);
        setHeaderParamsIfExists(headers, headerParams);
        final HttpEntity<String> requestEntity = new HttpEntity<>(headers);

        UriComponentsBuilder uriBuilder = UriComponentsBuilder.fromHttpUrl(url);
        setQueryParamsIfExists(uriBuilder, queryParams);

        final ResponseEntity<T> entity = restTemplate
                .exchange(getUrl(uriBuilder),
                          HttpMethod.GET,
                          requestEntity,
                          returnTypeClass);

        Assert.assertEquals(HttpStatus.OK, entity.getStatusCode());
        return entity.getBody();
    }

    private void setHeaderParamsIfExists(HttpHeaders headers, Map<String, String> headerParams) {
        if(headerParams != null && !headerParams.isEmpty())
            headerParams.entrySet()
                    .forEach(entry -> headers.set(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue()));
    }

    private void setQueryParamsIfExists(UriComponentsBuilder uriBuilder, Map<String, Object> queryParams) {
        if(queryParams != null && !queryParams.isEmpty())
            queryParams.entrySet()
                    .forEach(entry -> uriBuilder.queryParam(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue()));
    }

    private URI getUrl(UriComponentsBuilder uriBuilder) {
        return uriBuilder.build().encode().toUri();
    }

In your case you would call it by

    getRequestAndCheckStatus("https://aaaaaaa.io/api/v1/aaaaaaaaa", MyPOJO[].class,                    
                             Collections.singletonList(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8), 
                             new HashMap<String, String>(){{ put("API-Key", "4444444-3333-2222-1111-88888888"); }}), 
                             new HashMap<String, Object>(){{ put("Date", "2015-04-04"); }});
  • Additionaly, for Date I recommend to use long and then in controller parse it to Date. I see that you use https protocol, have you configured certificate ?