Suyash Shetty Suyash Shetty - 28 days ago 8
Python Question

How to read binary files in Python using NumPy?

I know how to read binary files in Python using NumPy's

function. The issue I'm faced with is that when I do so, the array has exceedingly large numbers of the order of 10^100 or so, with random

I need to apply machine learning algorithms to this dataset and I cannot work with this data. I cannot normalise the dataset because of the

I've tried
but that doesn't seem to work. After doing so, my min and max values range from 3e-38 and 3e+38 respectively, so I could not normalize it.

Is there any way to scale this data down? If not, how should I deal with this?

Thank you.


Some context. I'm working on a malware classification problem. My dataset consists of live malware binaries. They are files of the type .exe, .apk etc. My idea is store these binaries as a numpy array, convert to a grayscale image and then perform pattern analysis on it.


If you want to make an image out of a binary file, you need to read it in as integer, not float. Currently, the most common format for images is unsigned 8-bit integers.

As an example, let's make an image out of the first 10,000 bytes of /bin/bash:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> import cv2
>>> xbash = np.fromfile('/bin/bash', dtype='uint8')
>>> xbash.shape
>>> cv2.imwrite('bash1.png', xbash[:10000].reshape(100,100))

In the above, we used the OpenCV library to write the integers to a PNG file. Any of several other imaging libraries could have been used.

This what the first 10,000 bytes of bash "looks" like:

enter image description here