Vladislav Ladenkov Vladislav Ladenkov - 17 days ago 5
Python Question

Inplace converting a lists in numpy array to numpy arrays

I have a numpy array with shape

(266,)
with 266
list
elements in it(their lengthes are 150 each):

array([ [868, 2249, 1481, 2205, 657, 2134, 1231, 2205, 2205, 538, 2205, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[1597, 843, 241, 2205, 81, 2205, 173, 2219, 2205, 1950, 1717, 2205, 553, 2205, 1422, 2205, 706, 87, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]], dtype=object)


I want to inplacely convert the
list
s into numpy arrays too, so that, the shape becomes
(266,150)


I did ineffectivly:

for index, element in enumerate(vectorised_train):
vectorised_train[index] = np.array(element)


But still the shape output is
(266,)


Forcing it to become a desired type :

vectorised_train.astype('int32')


leads to this error:

ValueError Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-121-54edf17a0b39> in <module>()
----> 1 vectorised_train.astype('int32')

ValueError: setting an array element with a sequence.

Answer

A NumPy array can contain lists only if its dtype is object. That means the array merely contains pointers to the location of the lists, not the contents of the list. The amount of space allocated for the NumPy array itself is only roughly 266*(size of a pointer).

To convert this array to a 2D array of ints would require allocation of 266*150*(size of an int32). Since the sizes are not the same, there is no way to convert the arrays in-place.

You could revise your code to build the 2D array of dtype int32 from the beginning instead of the 1D array of dtype object, or else you'll have to copy the contents from the 1D array into the 2D array after-the-fact:

x = np.array(x.tolist())
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