Kasper Finne Nielsen Kasper Finne Nielsen - 1 month ago 7
Android Question

NameNotFoundException webview

I am getting errors from Crashlytics that indicates that some devices are missing com.google.android.webview. How is that even possible?

java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.myapp.app/com.myapp.ReaderActivity}: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #29: Error inflating class com.myapp.MyWebView
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2298)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2360)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:144)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1278)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5221)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:899)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:694)
Caused by: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #29: Error inflating class com.myapp.MyWebView
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:633)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.createCustomViewInternal(SourceFile:206)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.access$000(SourceFile:20)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater$PrivateWrapperFactory2.onCreateView(SourceFile:297)
at android.view.LayoutInflater$FactoryMerger.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:177)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:733)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:806)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:504)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.inflate(SourceFile:60)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:414)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:365)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivityDelegateBase.setContentView(SourceFile:228)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity.setContentView(SourceFile:102)
at com.myapp.ReaderActivity.onCreate(SourceFile:120)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5933)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1105)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2251)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2360)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:144)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1278)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5221)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:899)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:694)
Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:288)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:607)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.createCustomViewInternal(SourceFile:206)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.access$000(SourceFile:20)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater$PrivateWrapperFactory2.onCreateView(SourceFile:297)
at android.view.LayoutInflater$FactoryMerger.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:177)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:733)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:806)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:504)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.inflate(SourceFile:60)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:414)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:365)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivityDelegateBase.setContentView(SourceFile:228)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity.setContentView(SourceFile:102)
at com.myapp.ReaderActivity.onCreate(SourceFile:120)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5933)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1105)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2251)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2360)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:144)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1278)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5221)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:899)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:694)
Caused by: android.util.AndroidRuntimeException: android.content.pm.PackageManager$NameNotFoundException: com.google.android.webview
at android.webkit.WebViewFactory.getFactoryClass(WebViewFactory.java:161)
at android.webkit.WebViewFactory.getProvider(WebViewFactory.java:101)
at android.webkit.WebView.getFactory(WebView.java:2185)
at android.webkit.WebView.ensureProviderCreated(WebView.java:2180)
at android.webkit.WebView.setOverScrollMode(WebView.java:2239)
at android.view.View.(View.java:3581)
at android.view.View.(View.java:3675)
at android.view.ViewGroup.(ViewGroup.java:491)
at android.widget.AbsoluteLayout.(AbsoluteLayout.java:55)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:538)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:483)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:466)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:453)
at com.myapp.MyWebView.(SourceFile:31)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:288)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:607)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.createCustomViewInternal(SourceFile:206)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.access$000(SourceFile:20)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater$PrivateWrapperFactory2.onCreateView(SourceFile:297)
at android.view.LayoutInflater$FactoryMerger.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:177)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:733)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:806)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:504)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.inflate(SourceFile:60)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:414)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:365)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivityDelegateBase.setContentView(SourceFile:228)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity.setContentView(SourceFile:102)
at com.myapp.ReaderActivity.onCreate(SourceFile:120)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5933)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1105)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2251)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2360)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:144)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1278)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5221)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:899)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:694)
Caused by: android.content.pm.PackageManager$NameNotFoundException: com.google.android.webview
at android.app.ApplicationPackageManager.getPackageInfo(ApplicationPackageManager.java:114)
at android.webkit.WebViewFactory.getFactoryClass(WebViewFactory.java:133)
at android.webkit.WebViewFactory.getProvider(WebViewFactory.java:101)
at android.webkit.WebView.getFactory(WebView.java:2185)
at android.webkit.WebView.ensureProviderCreated(WebView.java:2180)
at android.webkit.WebView.setOverScrollMode(WebView.java:2239)
at android.view.View.(View.java:3581)
at android.view.View.(View.java:3675)
at android.view.ViewGroup.(ViewGroup.java:491)
at android.widget.AbsoluteLayout.(AbsoluteLayout.java:55)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:538)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:483)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:466)
at android.webkit.WebView.(WebView.java:453)
at com.myapp.MyWebView.(SourceFile:31)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:288)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:607)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.createCustomViewInternal(SourceFile:206)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.access$000(SourceFile:20)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater$PrivateWrapperFactory2.onCreateView(SourceFile:297)
at android.view.LayoutInflater$FactoryMerger.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:177)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:733)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:806)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:809)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:504)
at uk.co.chrisjenx.calligraphy.CalligraphyLayoutInflater.inflate(SourceFile:60)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:414)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:365)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivityDelegateBase.setContentView(SourceFile:228)
at android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity.setContentView(SourceFile:102)
at com.myapp.ReaderActivity.onCreate(SourceFile:120)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5933)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1105)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2251)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2360)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:144)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1278)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5221)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:899)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:694)


And it is only from devices running Lollipop. I have tested it on my Nexus 5, but I can not reproduce the error. I am using proguard

My MyWebView looks like this:

public class MyWebView extends WebView {

public static final String tag = MyWebView.class.getName();
private HtmlJSInterfaceNew js;

public MyWebView(Context context) {
super(context);
gd = new GestureDetector(context, sogl);
init();
}

public MyWebView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
super(context, attrs);
gd = new GestureDetector(context, sogl);
init();
}

public MyWebView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
super(context, attrs, defStyle);
gd = new GestureDetector(context, sogl);
init();
}

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
private void init() {
setPadding(0, 0, 0, 0);
MyWebViewClient myWebViewClient = new MyWebViewClient();
this.setWebViewClient(myWebViewClient);
setWebChromeClient(new MyWebChromeClient());
if(!isInEditMode())
{
getSettings().setAllowFileAccess(true);
getSettings().setJavaScriptCanOpenWindowsAutomatically(false);
getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
WebSettings webSettings = getSettings();

if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
webSettings.setAllowContentAccess(false);
}

webSettings.setUseWideViewPort(true);


}


}
public void addMyJavascriptInterface(HtmlJSInterfaceNew htmlJSInterface, String string) {
js = htmlJSInterface;
addJavascriptInterface(htmlJSInterface, string);
}

public class MyWebChromeClient extends WebChromeClient
{
public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
}
}
}


The root cause most be:

android.util.AndroidRuntimeException: android.content.pm.PackageManager$NameNotFoundException: com.google.android.webview
at android.webkit.WebViewFactory.getFactoryClass(WebViewFactory.java:161)


So I am thinking it might have something to do with proguard and maybe the JavascriptInterface. Any ideas?

EDIT:
from grepcode I have found the method getFactoryClass:

private static Class<WebViewFactoryProvider> getFactoryClass() throws ClassNotFoundException {
Application initialApplication = AppGlobals.getInitialApplication();
try {
// First fetch the package info so we can log the webview package version.
String packageName = getWebViewPackageName();
sPackageInfo = initialApplication.getPackageManager().getPackageInfo(packageName, 0);
Log.i(LOGTAG, "Loading " + packageName + " version " + sPackageInfo.versionName +
" (code " + sPackageInfo.versionCode + ")");

// Construct a package context to load the Java code into the current app.
Context webViewContext = initialApplication.createPackageContext(packageName,
Context.CONTEXT_INCLUDE_CODE | Context.CONTEXT_IGNORE_SECURITY);
initialApplication.getAssets().addAssetPath(
webViewContext.getApplicationInfo().sourceDir);
ClassLoader clazzLoader = webViewContext.getClassLoader();
Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_WEBVIEW, "Class.forName()");
try {
return (Class<WebViewFactoryProvider>) Class.forName(CHROMIUM_WEBVIEW_FACTORY, true,
clazzLoader);
} finally {
Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_WEBVIEW);
}
} catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException e) {
// If the package doesn't exist, then try loading the null WebView instead.
// If that succeeds, then this is a device without WebView support; if it fails then
// swallow the failure, complain that the real WebView is missing and rethrow the
// original exception.
try {
return (Class<WebViewFactoryProvider>) Class.forName(NULL_WEBVIEW_FACTORY);
} catch (ClassNotFoundException e2) {
// Ignore.
}
Log.e(LOGTAG, "Chromium WebView package does not exist", e);
throw new AndroidRuntimeException(e);
}
}

Answer

It's likely that this is happening in the very short time frame immediately after Lollipop's Android System WebView application updates.

I'd seen this error in the Google Play Dev Console, but also had never been able to reproduce it on my Nexus 5, regardless of how much I really tried to stop my app from having access to the Android System WebView app:

java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to create application com.uninteresting.app.name:
    android.util.AndroidRuntimeException: android.content.pm.PackageManager$NameNotFoundException: com.google.android.webview

Then we got word that our app was consistently crashing with the above message on some devices immediately after the System WebView app updates, so I tested that. Still no results, the vanilla Nexus 5 refused to crash our app! So I tried other phones from other manufacturers (roughly 75% of our reports are from Samsung Galaxy devices) and suddenly we were crashing consistently. My testing methodology:

  1. Open your app, make sure a WebView is showing.
  2. Open Play Store, navigate to "My Apps," and bring up "Android System WebView." Uninstall updates. This shouldn't crash you, but you should see your app force-restart.
  3. Open your app back up and let it recover from the restart.
  4. Go back into the Play Store and update Android System WebView.
  5. Re-focus your app during the update process. Now, if you're on an affected device, it should crash. If not, your app will just be pushed to the background and quietly restarted.

A few little caveats with what I've said so far:

  • Our app makes the mistake of starting up a WebView extremely early, hence why we get "unable to create application" in our crash message. The user doesn't even have to be looking at our app for it to crash. I doubt this applies to you, but if your app attempts to restart its activity containing a WebView during this scenario, that would explain it.
  • 100% of our reports are from 5.0 devices, I have no earthly clue how this could occur on anything below Lollipop.
  • We do see reports of Nexus 4 and Nexus 5 with this error, so I don't know why I can't reproduce it on those devices. Might be a separate root cause, but I need to look further into that.

In short, I don't immediately think you're doing anything incorrect with ProGuard or your JavascriptInterface. I'm leaning very strongly toward blaming the firmware as the root cause of the majority of reports, resulting in what should be a smooth update process becoming one that instead causes some apps to outright crash.

Edit: I ran a few more tests and it turns out that all the devices that didn't crash are 5.0 or 5.0.1, while all the devices that did crash were 5.0.2, so I can't comfortably point my finger at OEMs anymore.

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