Ran Wang Ran Wang - 1 year ago 65
C++ Question

Error in implementing lazy assign in C++

I have some weird issues implementing the lazy assign and add as indicated in https://eigen.tuxfamily.org/dox/TopicInsideEigenExample.html.

The code is

template<typename Derived> class Base;
template<typename Derived, typename OtherDerived> class SumOp;

template<typename Derived, typename OtherDerived>
class SumOp: public Base<SumOp<Derived, OtherDerived>>{
Derived & lhs;
OtherDerived & rhs;

SumOp(Derived & lhs_, OtherDerived & rhs_):lhs(lhs_), rhs(rhs_){}
double packet(size_t index, Base<OtherDerived>& src){
return lhs.packet(index)+ rhs.packet(index);
template<typename Derived, typename OtherDerived>
struct Assign{
static Derived& run(Derived & dst, OtherDerived & src){
size_t length = dst.size();
for (size_t index =0; index < length; index++){
dst.copyPacket(index, src);
return dst;

template<typename Derived>
class Base{
Derived& derived(){
return *static_cast<Derived*>(this);

const Derived& derived() const{
return *static_cast<const Derived*>(this);

template<typename OtherDerived>
SumOp<Derived,OtherDerived> operator+(Base<OtherDerived> & other){
return SumOp<Derived, OtherDerived>(this->derived(), other.derived());

template<typename OtherDerived>
Derived & operator=(Base<OtherDerived>& other){
return Assign<Derived, OtherDerived>::run(derived(), other.derived());
template<typename OtherDerived>
void copyPacket(size_t index, Base<OtherDerived> & other){
derived().writePacket(index, other.derived().packet(index));

class Vector: public Base<Vector> {
double * data;
size_t nRow;

Vector(size_t nRow_):nRow(nRow_){
data = (double *)malloc(sizeof(double)*nRow);
template<typename OtherDerived>
Vector& operator=( Base<OtherDerived>& other){
return Base<Vector>::operator=(other);
size_t size(){
return nRow;
void writePacket(size_t index, double src){
data[index] = src;
double packet(size_t index){
return data[index];

In short, the problem lies in when I call
in Vector class, where the compiler complains that I have passed a left value
Base<SumOp<Vector, Vector>>
to the operator instead of
SumOp<Vector, Vector>&
. The latter of which is created when calling
, which returns
SumOp<Vector, Vector>

The compiler error is

no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘SumOp<Vector, Vector>’ to ‘Base<SumOp<Vector, Vector> >&’

I am not sure why the implementation in Eigen is OK and how to fix this issue.

Thanks for the help.


The problem occurs when I call the following functions

void test_vector(){
Vector a(10), b(10), c(10);
for (int i=0;i<10;i++){
//This is very it goes wrong
c = a+b;

for (int i =0 ; i<10;i++){
std::cout << c.data[i] << std::endl;


With g++-6 the error reads

invalid initialization of non-const reference of type ‘Base<SumOp<Vector, Vector> >&’ from an rvalue of type ‘Base<SumOp<Vector, Vector> >’
c = a+b;
In file included from /home/ran/Desktop/experiment/PointerMatrix/vector.cpp:6:0:
/home/ran/Desktop/experiment/PointerMatrix/vector.h:76:21: note: initializing argument 1 of ‘Vector& Vector::operator=(Base<OtherDerived>&) [with OtherDerived = SumOp<Vector, Vector>]’
Vector& operator=( Base<OtherDerived>& other){

Answer Source

The problem is because the arguments to your operator functions aren't const references. operator+ returns a temporary SumOp object, which cannot be passed as a non-const reference. (Some compilers may support this as an extension.)

Changing the parameters to be const & types should fix this problem.

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