greener greener - 1 year ago 115
Ajax Question

Google Maps API throws "Uncaught ReferenceError: google is not defined" only when using AJAX

I have a page that uses the Google Maps API to display a map. When I load the page directly, the map appears. However, when I try to load the page using AJAX, I get the error:

Uncaught ReferenceError: google is not defined


Why is this?

This is the page with the map:

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?v=3.exp&sensor=false"></script>
<script>
var directionsDisplay;
var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService();
var map;
function initialize() {
directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer();
var chicago = new google.maps.LatLng(41.850033, -87.6500523);
var mapOptions = { zoom:7, mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP, center: chicago }
map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map_canvas"), mapOptions);
directionsDisplay.setMap(map);
}
$(document).ready(function(e) { initialize() });
</script>
<div id="map_canvas" style="height: 354px; width:713px;"></div>


And this the page with the AJAX call:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<script>
$(document).ready(function(e) {
$('button').click(function(){
$.ajax({
type: 'GET', url: 'map-display',
success: function(d) { $('#a').html(d); }
})
});
});
</script>
<button>Call</button>
<div id="a"></div>
</body>
</html>


Thanks for your help.

Answer Source

The API can't be loaded after the document has finished loading by default, you'll need to load it asynchronous.

modify the page with the map:

<div id="map_canvas" style="height: 354px; width:713px;"></div>
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?v=3.exp&sensor=false&callback=initialize"></script>
<script>
var directionsDisplay,
    directionsService,
    map;

function initialize() {
  var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService();
  directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer();
  var chicago = new google.maps.LatLng(41.850033, -87.6500523);
  var mapOptions = { zoom:7, mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP, center: chicago }
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map_canvas"), mapOptions);
  directionsDisplay.setMap(map);
}

</script>

For more details take a look at: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/14184956/async-google-maps-api-v3-undefined-is-not-a-function/14185834#14185834

Example: http://jsfiddle.net/doktormolle/zJ5em/