commanderdata commanderdata - 6 months ago 12
Python Question

Installing Matplotlib on CentOS 6.5

I'm trying to get matplotlib-1.4.0 installed on CentOS 6.5 with Python 2.7.8. I've tried installing with pip and from source. I initially got an error message stating I needed a newer version of Freetype2, which I then installed (version 2.5.3) to /usr/local/bin, /usr/local/include, and /usr/local/lib. The older version of Freetype2 (2.3.11) is in /usr/bin, /usr/include/freetype2/freetype, and /usr/lib.

Now when I try installing matplotlib (python setup.py build) it looks like the include paths are all pointing to the wrong (old) version of Freetype2, and I can't figure out how to change the appropriate paths to point to the newer version of Freetype2. The actual error message is below, and is pretty messy. I couldn't find much about his error online, but I can see that the wrong Freetype2 path so I'm guessing that's what causing the issue. Any tips?

Found tips on other threads about adding /usr/include/freetype symlink to point to /usr/local/include/freetype2, but that didn't help.

building 'matplotlib.ft2font' extension
gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O3 -m64 -mfpmath=sse -msse2 -mtune=generic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -fPIC -DPY_ARRAY_UNIQUE_SYMBOL=MPL_matplotlib_ft2font_ARRAY_API -DPYCXX_ISO_CPP_LIB=1 -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/include -I. -Iextern -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7 -c src/ft2font.cpp -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/ft2font.o
In file included from /usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include/numpy/ndarraytypes.h:1761:0,
from /usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include/numpy/ndarrayobject.h:17,
from src/file_compat.h:7,
from src/ft2font.cpp:7:
/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include/numpy/npy_1_7_deprecated_api.h:15:2: warning: #warning "Using deprecated NumPy API, disable it by " "#defining NPY_NO_DEPRECATED_API NPY_1_7_API_VERSION" [-Wcpp]
In file included from src/ft2font.cpp:7:0:
src/file_compat.h:31:0: warning: "npy_fseek" redefined [enabled by default]
/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include/numpy/npy_common.h:86:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
src/file_compat.h:32:0: warning: "npy_ftell" redefined [enabled by default]
/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include/numpy/npy_common.h:91:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
src/ft2font.cpp: In member function ‘Py::Object FT2Image::py_write_bitmap(const Py::Tuple&)’:
src/ft2font.cpp:184:15: warning: unused variable ‘offset’ [-Wunused-variable]
gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O3 -m64 -mfpmath=sse -msse2 -mtune=generic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -fPIC -DPY_ARRAY_UNIQUE_SYMBOL=MPL_matplotlib_ft2font_ARRAY_API -DPYCXX_ISO_CPP_LIB=1 -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/include -I. -Iextern -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7 -c src/mplutils.cpp -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/mplutils.o
In file included from /usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7/Python.h:8:0,
from src/mplutils.h:18,
from src/mplutils.cpp:6:
/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7/pyconfig.h:1182:0: warning: "_POSIX_C_SOURCE" redefined [enabled by default]
/usr/include/features.h:162:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7/pyconfig.h:1204:0: warning: "_XOPEN_SOURCE" redefined [enabled by default]
/usr/include/features.h:164:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O3 -m64 -mfpmath=sse -msse2 -mtune=generic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -fPIC -DPY_ARRAY_UNIQUE_SYMBOL=MPL_matplotlib_ft2font_ARRAY_API -DPYCXX_ISO_CPP_LIB=1 -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/include -I. -Iextern -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7 -c extern/CXX/cxxsupport.cxx -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxxsupport.o
gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O3 -m64 -mfpmath=sse -msse2 -mtune=generic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -fPIC -DPY_ARRAY_UNIQUE_SYMBOL=MPL_matplotlib_ft2font_ARRAY_API -DPYCXX_ISO_CPP_LIB=1 -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/include -I. -Iextern -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7 -c extern/CXX/cxx_extensions.cxx -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxx_extensions.o
gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O3 -m64 -mfpmath=sse -msse2 -mtune=generic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -fPIC -DPY_ARRAY_UNIQUE_SYMBOL=MPL_matplotlib_ft2font_ARRAY_API -DPYCXX_ISO_CPP_LIB=1 -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/include -I. -Iextern -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7 -c extern/CXX/IndirectPythonInterface.cxx -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/IndirectPythonInterface.o
gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O3 -m64 -mfpmath=sse -msse2 -mtune=generic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -fPIC -DPY_ARRAY_UNIQUE_SYMBOL=MPL_matplotlib_ft2font_ARRAY_API -DPYCXX_ISO_CPP_LIB=1 -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/include -I. -Iextern -I/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/include/python2.7 -c extern/CXX/cxxextensions.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxxextensions.o
g++ -pthread -shared build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/ft2font.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/mplutils.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxxsupport.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxx_extensions.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/IndirectPythonInterface.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxxextensions.o -L/usr/local/lib -L/usr/local/lib64 -L/usr/lib -L/usr/lib64 -L/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib -lfreetype -lstdc++ -lm -lpython2.7 -o build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/matplotlib/ft2font.so
/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libpython2.7.a(abstract.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `_Py_NotImplementedStruct' can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC
/usr/local/lib/libpython2.7.a: could not read symbols: Bad value
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
error: command 'g++' failed with exit status 1

Answer

I finally had time to return to this and it had nothing to do with Freetype. The issue was the wrong version of libpython2.7 being picked up during the build. Specifically in this line:

g++ -pthread -shared build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/ft2font.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/mplutils.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxxsupport.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxx_extensions.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/IndirectPythonInterface.o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/extern/CXX/cxxextensions.o -L/usr/local/lib -L/usr/local/lib64 -L/usr/lib -L/usr/lib64 -L/usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib -lfreetype -lstdc++ -lm -lpython2.7 -o build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/matplotlib/ft2font.so

The first -L directory is /usr/local/lib which contained a different version of the python library (libpython2.7.a) than the one I should have been compiling against. I moved this file temporarily and the build was then successful (it found the correct version in /usr/local/python2/2.7.8/x86_64/gcc46/nonet/lib).

I'm not exactly sure where the python lib in /usr/local/lib originated from. If it's the system version then this could be considered a bug in the matplotlib build script.

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