Krustenkaese Krustenkaese - 4 months ago 17
Linux Question

Python - Passing character to C library

I've got quite the trouble running a program on Linux i wrote.
Since it's quite a large program i won't post the whole code but only the part that gets me confused.
I've got a library, written in C++ and compiled on Linux Ubuntu, which does some work and prints an incoming character to the console like this:

bool PostCommand( void* pParam, char c, char* szRet, int nLength, int nBlockTime )
{
printf("Got: %d", c);
//do some work
return true;
}


The whole thing compiles well and my Python program is able to call the function:

# -*- coding: ascii -*-
from ctypes import cdll,c_char,create_string_buffer,...#don't want to list 'em all
m_DLL = cdll.LoadLibrary("./libaddonClient.so")
PostCommand = m_DLL.PostCommand
PostCommand.argtype = [c_void_p,c_char,c_char_p,c_int,c_int]
PostCommand.restype = c_bool

print ord('1')
sz = create_string_buffer(20);
#pObject was generated prior and works fine
PostCommand( pObject, '1', sz, 20, 1 )


The console output looks like


49
Got: -124


My question is how the 49 could change into -124.
The variable isn't being changed between it's creation and the call of the C++ function or the printf, which follows right after the call.
There are no threads accessing this function nor static variables.

Answer

Your problem is in the python code, you are passing a string instead of a character, the single quotes and double quotes both work almost exactly the same in python, and -124 I presume comes perhaps from something that python interpreter does internally, try this

PostCommand( pObject, ord('1'), sz, 20, 1 )

What is very likely happening is that the parameter when processed by the interpreter is stored as a c string, which is a nul terminated sequence of non-nul bytes, hence a pointer is almost surely used, so -124 has to be the address of the pointer which of course requires more than a byte to be represented.

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