tintincutes tintincutes - 1 year ago 69
C# Question

explicit and implicit c#

I'm new to C# and learning new words. I find it difficult to understand what's the meaning of these two words when it comes to programming c#.
I looked in the dictionary for the meaning and here's what I got:


"Something that is implicit is expressed in an indirect way."

"If a quality or element is implicit in something, it is involved in it or is shown by it;"


"Something that is explicit is expressed or shown clearly and openly, without any attempt to hide anything"

"If you are explicit about something, you speak about it very openly and clearly."

I would like to understand it in C#.

Thanks for your help.


additional info:

Here is a part of sentence in the book what I'm reading now which has this word "implicit"

"This means that Area and Occupants inside
AreaPerPerson( )
implicitly refer to the copies of those variables found in the object that invokes
AreaPerPerson( )

I quite don't understand what this sentence here trying to say.

Answer Source

The implicit and explicit keywords in C# are used when declaring conversion operators. Let's say that you have the following class:

public class Role
    public string Name { get; set; }

If you want to create a new Role and assign a Name to it, you will typically do it like this:

Role role = new Role();
role.Name = "RoleName";

Since it has only one property, it would perhaps be convenient if we could instead do it like this:

Role role = "RoleName";

This means that we want to implicitly convert a string to a Role (since there is no specific cast involved in the code). To achieve this, we add an implicit conversion operator:

public static implicit operator Role(string roleName)
    return new Role() { Name = roleName };

Another option is to implement an explicit conversion operator:

public static explicit operator Role(string roleName)
    return new Role() { Name = roleName };

In this case, we cannot implicitly convert a string to a Role, but we need to cast it in our code:

Role r = (Role)"RoleName";
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