greye - 8 months ago 70

Python Question

I have a set of X,Y data points (about 10k) that are easy to plot as a scatter plot but that I would like to represent as a heatmap.

I looked through the examples in MatPlotLib and they all seem to already start with heatmap cell values to generate the image.

Is there a method that converts a bunch of x,y, all different, to a heatmap (where zones with higher frequency of x,y would be "warmer")?

Answer

If you don't want hexagons, you can use numpy's `histogram2d`

function:

```
import numpy as np
import numpy.random
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
# Generate some test data
x = np.random.randn(8873)
y = np.random.randn(8873)
heatmap, xedges, yedges = np.histogram2d(x, y, bins=50)
extent = [xedges[0], xedges[-1], yedges[0], yedges[-1]]
plt.clf()
plt.imshow(heatmap.T, extent=extent, origin='lower')
plt.show()
```

This makes a 50x50 heatmap. If you want, say, 512x384, you can put `bins=(512, 384)`

in the call to `histogram2d`

.

Example:

Source (Stackoverflow)