MrBubbles MrBubbles - 1 month ago 21
Python Question

Python Convert Excel to CSV

Seems there are a lot of posts on this subject and my solution is in line with what the most common answer seems to be, however I'm encountering an encoding error that I don't know how to address.

>>> def Excel2CSV(ExcelFile, SheetName, CSVFile):
import xlrd
import csv
workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(ExcelFile)
worksheet = workbook.sheet_by_name(SheetName)
csvfile = open(CSVFile, 'wb')
wr = csv.writer(csvfile, quoting=csv.QUOTE_ALL)

for rownum in xrange(worksheet.nrows):
wr.writerow(worksheet.row_values(rownum))

csvfile.close()

>>> Excel2CSV(r"C:\Temp\Store List.xls", "Open_Locations",
r"C:\Temp\StoreList.csv")

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<pyshell#2>", line 1, in <module>
Excel2CSV(r"C:\Temp\Store List.xls", "Open_Locations", r"C:\Temp\StoreList.csv")
File "<pyshell#1>", line 10, in Excel2CSV
wr.writerow(worksheet.row_values(rownum))
UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xa0' in position 14:
ordinal not in range(128)
>>>


Any help or insight is greatly appreciated.

Answer

As @davidism points out, the Python 2 csv module doesn't work with unicode. You can work around this by converting all of your unicode objects to str objects before submitting them to csv:

def Excel2CSV(ExcelFile, SheetName, CSVFile):
     import xlrd
     import csv
     workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(ExcelFile)
     worksheet = workbook.sheet_by_name(SheetName)
     csvfile = open(CSVFile, 'wb')
     wr = csv.writer(csvfile, quoting=csv.QUOTE_ALL)

     for rownum in xrange(worksheet.nrows):
         wr.writerow(
             list(x.encode('utf-8') if type(x) == type(u'') else x
                  for x in worksheet.row_values(rownum)))

     csvfile.close()