Aurasphere Aurasphere - 1 year ago 207
Java Question

LoggerFactory.getLogger(ClassName.class) vs LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass().getName())

I'm trying to improve my optimization skills in Java. In order to achieve that, I've got an old program I made and I'm trying my best to make it better. In this program I'm using SL4J for logging. To get the logger I did:

private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass().getName());

At the time I wrote the code, I thought this was the best option, because I remove a reference to the class name(which may be refactored). But now I'm not so sure anymore...

private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ClassName.class);

On the other side, keeps the reference to the class name, but it removes one method call. This may not be a big improvement in performance for one class, but when you have lots of class, this may be something.

So my question is:

Which approach is better? Using the class name or getting it through reflection?

Please, motivate your answer with pro and cons. Thank you.

Answer Source

I'll share my opinion here. I would say that this is the case that you shouldn't be bothered from the performance point of view. Probably in the code there are parts that can be optimized much more than this thing :)

Now, regarding your question. Take a look on LoggerFactory's code

Note that getLogger(Class<?> name) just calls the overloaded method:

Logger logger = getLogger(clazz.getName());

And makes some additional calculations. So the method with String is obviously slightly faster.

In general the pattern is to maintain the Logger reference as a static field in the class, something like this:

public class SomeClass {
   private static final Logger LOG =   LoggerFactory.getLogger(SomeClass.class);

In this case you can't really use this.getClass() because this doesn't actually exists (you're running in a static context).

From my experience its better to use the ClassName.getClass() as a parameter unless you really want to use the same logger from different classes. In such a case you better use some logical constant that denotes the logger.

For example, let's say you're trying to use 3 different classes to access the database. So you create logger 'DB', assign a file appender that will write to database.log and you want to reuse the same logger among these 3 different classes.

So you should use the following code:

public class SomeClass {
   private static final Logger LOG =   LoggerFactory.getLogger("DB");

Hope this helps

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