Carlos Bribiescas Carlos Bribiescas - 3 months ago 71
Scala Question

Rolling your own reduceByKey in Spark Dataset

I'm trying to learn to use DataFrames and DataSets more in addition to RDDs. For an RDD, I know I can do

someRDD.reduceByKey((x,y) => x + y)
, but I don't see that function for Dataset. So I decided to write one.

someRdd.map(x => ((x.fromId,x.toId),1)).map(x => collection.mutable.Map(x)).reduce((x,y) => {
val result = mutable.HashMap.empty[(Long,Long),Int]
val keys = mutable.HashSet.empty[(Long,Long)]
y.keys.foreach(z => keys += z)
x.keys.foreach(z => keys += z)
for (elem <- keys) {
val s1 = if(x.contains(elem)) x(elem) else 0
val s2 = if(y.contains(elem)) y(elem) else 0
result(elem) = s1 + s2
}
result
})


However, this returns everything to the driver. How would you write this to return a
Dataset
? Maybe mapPartition and do it there?

Note this compiles but does not run because it doesn't have encoders for
Map
yet

Answer

I assume your goal is to translate this idiom to Datasets:

rdd.map(x => (x.someKey, x.someField))
   .reduceByKey(_ + _)

// => returning an RDD of (KeyType, FieldType)

Currently, the closest solution I have found with the Dataset API looks like this:

ds.map(x => (x.someKey, x.someField))          // [1]
  .groupByKey(_._1)                            
  .reduceGroups((a, b) => (a._1, a._2 + b._2))
  .map(_._2)                                   // [2]

// => returning a Dataset of (KeyType, FieldType)

// Comments:
// [1] As far as I can see, having a map before groupByKey is required
//     to end up with the proper type in reduceGroups. After all, we do
//     not want to reduce over the original type, but the FieldType.
// [2] required since reduceGroups converts back to Dataset[(K, V)]
//     not knowing that our V's are already key-value pairs.

Doesn't look very elegant and according to a quick benchmark it is also much less performant, so maybe we are missing something here...

Note: An alternative might be to use groupByKey(_.someKey) as a first step. The problem is that using groupByKey changes the type from a regular Dataset to a KeyValueGroupedDataset. The latter does not have a regular map function. Instead it offers an mapGroups, which does not seem very convenient because it wraps the values into an Iterator and performs a shuffle according to the docstring.

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