Aaron Aaron - 15 days ago 5
C# Question

WPF C#: Rearrange items in listbox via drag and drop

I am trying to figure out how to move the items in a pre-populated listbox up and down via mouse drags.

I have looked at the Control.DoDragDrop method from microsoft's api, but I still can't get it to do anything.

I would appreciate any help since I am new to the visual studios environment.

Answer

i've tried create one using observablecollection, have a look

    ObservableCollection<Emp> _empList = new ObservableCollection<Emp>();

    public Window1()
    {
        InitializeComponent();

        _empList .Add(new Emp("1", 22));
        _empList .Add(new Emp("2", 18));
        _empList .Add(new Emp("3", 29));
        _empList .Add(new Emp("4", 9));
        _empList .Add(new Emp("5", 29));
        _empList .Add(new Emp("6", 9));
        listbox1.DisplayMemberPath = "Name";
        listbox1.ItemsSource = _empList;

        Style itemContainerStyle = new Style(typeof(ListBoxItem));
        itemContainerStyle.Setters.Add(new Setter(ListBoxItem.AllowDropProperty, true));
        itemContainerStyle.Setters.Add(new EventSetter(ListBoxItem.PreviewMouseLeftButtonDownEvent, new MouseButtonEventHandler(s_PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown)));
        itemContainerStyle.Setters.Add(new EventSetter(ListBoxItem.DropEvent, new DragEventHandler(listbox1_Drop)));
        listbox1.ItemContainerStyle = itemContainerStyle;
    }

Drag and drop process

    void s_PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
    {

        if (sender is ListBoxItem)
        {
            ListBoxItem draggedItem = sender as ListBoxItem;
            DragDrop.DoDragDrop(draggedItem, draggedItem.DataContext, DragDropEffects.Move);
            draggedItem.IsSelected = true;
        }
    }

    void listbox1_Drop(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
    {
        Emp droppedData = e.Data.GetData(typeof(Emp)) as Emp;
        Emp target = ((ListBoxItem)(sender)).DataContext as Emp;

        int removedIdx = listbox1.Items.IndexOf(droppedData);
        int targetIdx = listbox1.Items.IndexOf(target);

        if (removedIdx < targetIdx)
        {
            _empList.Insert(targetIdx + 1, droppedData);
            _empList.RemoveAt(removedIdx);
        }
        else
        {
            int remIdx = removedIdx+1;
            if (_empList.Count + 1 > remIdx)
            {
                _empList.Insert(targetIdx, droppedData);
                _empList.RemoveAt(remIdx);
            }
        }
    }

Note:

  • one thing sucks in the implementation is since it use the PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown event, the dragged item looks like not selected
  • and also for an easier implementation the drop target is the list box items and not the listbox itself - might need a better solution for this