jprg jprg - 2 months ago 12
Java Question

Java SSLHandshakeException: no cipher suites in common

I am trying to apply security to a simple chat application with Java SSLSockets.

I have created a self-signed CA and with it I signed two certificates (all used RSA keys), one for the server, and one for a client. After that, I imported the certificates to a keystore for the server and to another for the client.

CA :

openssl genrsa -out ca.key 1024 -rsa

openssl req -new -key ca.key -out ca.csr

openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in ca.csr -out ca.crt -signkey ca.key


SERVER CERTIFICATE:

openssl genrsa -out server.key 1024 -rsa

openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr

openssl ca -in server.csr -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -out server.crt


CLIENT CERTIFICATE :

openssl genrsa -out client.key 1024 -rsa

openssl req -new -key client.key -out client.csr

openssl ca -in client.csr -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -out client.crt



KEYSTORES:

keytool -import -keystore serverkeystore -file ca.crt -alias theCARoot

keytool -import -keystore serverkeystore -file server.crt -alias servercrt

keytool -import -keystore serverkeystore -file client.crt -alias clientcrt

keytool -import -keystore clientkeystore -file ca.crt -alias theCARoot

keytool -import -keystore clientkeystore -file server.crt -alias servercrt

keytool -import -keystore clientkeystore -file client.crt -alias clientcrt


I want to use a specific cipher, but apparently none of the supported ciphers works.

My code for the client :

import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import javax.net.ssl.*;

public class ChatClient implements Runnable
{
private SSLSocket socket = null;
private Thread thread = null;
private DataInputStream console = null;
private DataOutputStream streamOut = null;
private ChatClientThread client = null;
final String[] enabledCipherSuites = {"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256"};
final char[] passphrase = "123456".toCharArray();

public ChatClient(String serverName, int serverPort)
{
System.out.println("Establishing connection to server...");
try
{
SSLSocketFactory factory = null;
SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance(KeyManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());

KeyStore ks= KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
ks.load(new FileInputStream("clientkeystore"), passphrase);
kmf.init(ks, passphrase);


KeyStore serverKey = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
serverKey.load(new FileInputStream("serverkeystore"),passphrase);
TrustManagerFactory trustManager = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
trustManager.init(serverKey);



ctx.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), trustManager.getTrustManagers(), null);
factory = ctx.getSocketFactory();
socket = (SSLSocket)factory.createSocket(serverName, serverPort);
socket.setEnabledCipherSuites(enabledCipherSuites);
start();
}

catch(UnknownHostException uhe)
{
// Host unkwnown
System.out.println("Error establishing connection - host unknown: " + uhe.getMessage());
}
catch(IOException ioexception)
{
// Other error establishing connection
System.out.println("Error establishing connection - unexpected exception: " + ioexception.getMessage());
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (KeyStoreException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (CertificateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (UnrecoverableKeyException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (KeyManagementException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

public void run()
{
while (thread != null)
{
try
{
// Sends message from console to server
streamOut.writeUTF(console.readLine());
streamOut.flush();
}

catch(IOException ioexception)
{
System.out.println("Error sending string to server: " + ioexception.getMessage());
stop();
}
}
}


public void handle(String msg)
{
// Receives message from server
if (msg.equals(".quit"))
{
// Leaving, quit command
System.out.println("Exiting...Please press RETURN to exit ...");
stop();
}
else
// else, writes message received from server to console
System.out.println(msg);
}

// Inits new client thread
public void start() throws IOException
{
console = new DataInputStream(System.in);
streamOut = new DataOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());
if (thread == null)
{
client = new ChatClientThread(this, socket);
thread = new Thread(this);
thread.start();
}
}

// Stops client thread
public void stop()
{
if (thread != null)
{
thread.stop();
thread = null;
}
try
{
if (console != null) console.close();
if (streamOut != null) streamOut.close();
if (socket != null) socket.close();
}

catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println("Error closing thread..."); }
client.close();
client.stop();
}


public static void main(String args[])
{
ChatClient client = null;
if (args.length != 2)
// Displays correct usage syntax on stdout
System.out.println("Usage: java ChatClient host port");
else
// Calls new client
client = new ChatClient(args[0], Integer.parseInt(args[1]));
}

}

class ChatClientThread extends Thread
{
private SSLSocket socket = null;
private ChatClient client = null;
private DataInputStream streamIn = null;

public ChatClientThread(ChatClient _client, SSLSocket _socket)
{
client = _client;
socket = _socket;
open();
start();
}

public void open()
{
try
{
streamIn = new DataInputStream(socket.getInputStream());
}
catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println("Error getting input stream: " + ioe);
client.stop();
}
}

public void close()
{
try
{
if (streamIn != null) streamIn.close();
}

catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println("Error closing input stream: " + ioe);
}
}

public void run()
{
while (true)
{ try
{
client.handle(streamIn.readUTF());
}
catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println("Listening error: " + ioe.getMessage());
client.stop();
}
}
}
}


And for the server :

import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.util.Arrays;
import javax.net.ServerSocketFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.*;

public class ChatServer implements Runnable
{
private ChatServerThread clients[] = new ChatServerThread[20];
private SSLServerSocket server_socket = null;
private Thread thread = null;
private int clientCount = 0;
final String[] enabledCipherSuites = {"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256"};
final char[] passphrase = "123456".toCharArray();


public ChatServer(int port)
{
try
{
// Binds to port and starts server
System.out.println("Binding to port " + port);
SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");;
KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance(KeyManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
ks.load(new FileInputStream("serverkeystore"), passphrase);
kmf.init(ks, passphrase);

KeyStore serverKey = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
serverKey.load(new FileInputStream("clientkeystore"),passphrase);
TrustManagerFactory trustManager = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
trustManager.init(serverKey);

ctx.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), trustManager.getTrustManagers(), null);
SSLServerSocketFactory ssf = ctx.getServerSocketFactory();
server_socket = (SSLServerSocket) ssf.createServerSocket(port);
server_socket.setEnabledCipherSuites(enabledCipherSuites);
server_socket.setNeedClientAuth(true);
System.out.println("Server started: " + server_socket);
start();
}
catch(IOException ioexception)
{
// Error binding to port
System.out.println("Binding error (port=" + port + "): " + ioexception.getMessage());
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (KeyStoreException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (CertificateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (UnrecoverableKeyException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (KeyManagementException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

public void run()
{
while (thread != null)
{
try
{
// Adds new thread for new client
System.out.println("Waiting for a client ...");
addThread((SSLSocket)server_socket.accept());
}
catch(IOException ioexception)
{
System.out.println("Accept error: " + ioexception); stop();
}
}
}

public void start()
{
if (thread == null)
{
// Starts new thread for client
thread = new Thread(this);
thread.start();
}
}

public void stop()
{
if (thread != null)
{
// Stops running thread for client
thread.stop();
thread = null;
}
}

private int findClient(int ID)
{
// Returns client from id
for (int i = 0; i < clientCount; i++)
if (clients[i].getID() == ID)
return i;
return -1;
}

public synchronized void handle(int ID, String input)
{
if (input.equals(".quit"))
{
int leaving_id = findClient(ID);
// Client exits
clients[leaving_id].send(".quit");
// Notify remaing users
for (int i = 0; i < clientCount; i++)
if (i!=leaving_id)
clients[i].send("Client " +ID + " exits..");
remove(ID);
}
else
// Brodcast message for every other client online
for (int i = 0; i < clientCount; i++)
clients[i].send(ID + ": " + input);
}

public synchronized void remove(int ID)
{
int pos = findClient(ID);

if (pos >= 0)
{
// Removes thread for exiting client
ChatServerThread toTerminate = clients[pos];
System.out.println("Removing client thread " + ID + " at " + pos);
if (pos < clientCount-1)
for (int i = pos+1; i < clientCount; i++)
clients[i-1] = clients[i];
clientCount--;

try
{
toTerminate.close();
}

catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println("Error closing thread: " + ioe);
}

toTerminate.stop();
}
}

private void addThread(SSLSocket socket)
{
if (clientCount < clients.length)
{
// Adds thread for new accepted client
System.out.println("Client accepted: " + socket);
clients[clientCount] = new ChatServerThread(this, socket);

try
{
clients[clientCount].open();
clients[clientCount].start();
clientCount++;
}
catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println("Error opening thread: " + ioe);
}
}
else
System.out.println("Client refused: maximum " + clients.length + " reached.");
}


public static void main(String args[])
{
ChatServer server = null;

if (args.length != 1)
// Displays correct usage for server
System.out.println("Usage: java ChatServer port");
else
// Calls new server
server = new ChatServer(Integer.parseInt(args[0]));
}

}

class ChatServerThread extends Thread
{
private ChatServer server = null;
private SSLSocket socket = null;
private int ID = -1;
private DataInputStream streamIn = null;
private DataOutputStream streamOut = null;


public ChatServerThread(ChatServer _server, SSLSocket _socket)
{
super();
server = _server;
socket = _socket;
ID = socket.getPort();
}

// Sends message to client
public void send(String msg)
{
try
{
streamOut.writeUTF(msg);
streamOut.flush();
}

catch(IOException ioexception)
{
System.out.println(ID + " ERROR sending message: " + ioexception.getMessage());
server.remove(ID);
stop();
}
}

// Gets id for client
public int getID()
{
return ID;
}

// Runs thread
public void run()
{
System.out.println("Server Thread " + ID + " running.");

while (true)
{
try
{
server.handle(ID, streamIn.readUTF());
}

catch(IOException ioe)
{
System.out.println(ID + " ERROR reading: " + ioe.getMessage());
server.remove(ID);
stop();
}
}
}


// Opens thread
public void open() throws IOException
{
streamIn = new DataInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(socket.getInputStream()));
streamOut = new DataOutputStream(new BufferedOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream()));
}

// Closes thread
public void close() throws IOException
{
if (socket != null) socket.close();
if (streamIn != null) streamIn.close();
if (streamOut != null) streamOut.close();
}

}


Sorry if my english is a bit rusty.

My OS is OS X El Capitan and Java version is 1.8.

Here is the server's stack trace:
/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/bin/java -Djavax.net.debug=all -Didea.launcher.port=7536 "-Didea.launcher.bin.path=/Applications/IntelliJ IDEA 15.app/Contents/bin" -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -classpath "/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/charsets.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/deploy.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/cldrdata.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/dnsns.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/jaccess.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/jfxrt.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/localedata.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/nashorn.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/sunec.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/sunjce_provider.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/sunpkcs11.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/ext/zipfs.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/javaws.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/jce.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/jfr.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/jfxswt.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/jsse.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/management-agent.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/plugin.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/resources.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/rt.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/ant-javafx.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/dt.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/javafx-mx.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/jconsole.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/packager.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/sa-jdi.jar:/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_60.jdk/Contents/Home/lib/tools.jar:/Users/joaogoncalves/Dropbox/STI/out/production/STI Assignment 3:/Applications/IntelliJ IDEA 15.app/Contents/lib/idea_rt.jar" com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain ChatServer 5000
Binding to port 5000
adding as trusted cert:
Subject: CN=Joao Goncalves, OU=DEQ, O=UC, ST=Coimbra, C=PT
Issuer: CN=DEI, OU=DEI, O=UC, L=Coimbra, ST=Coimbra, C=PT
Algorithm: RSA; Serial number: 0xc94895f3863a5c36
Valid from Mon May 23 23:43:42 WEST 2016 until Tue May 23 23:43:42 WEST 2017

adding as trusted cert:
Subject: CN=www.uc.pt, OU=DEM, O=UC, ST=Coimbra, C=PT
Issuer: CN=DEI, OU=DEI, O=UC, L=Coimbra, ST=Coimbra, C=PT
Algorithm: RSA; Serial number: 0xc94895f3863a5c35
Valid from Mon May 23 23:42:54 WEST 2016 until Tue May 23 23:42:54 WEST 2017

adding as trusted cert:
Subject: CN=DEI, OU=DEI, O=UC, L=Coimbra, ST=Coimbra, C=PT
Issuer: CN=DEI, OU=DEI, O=UC, L=Coimbra, ST=Coimbra, C=PT
Algorithm: RSA; Serial number: 0xdb931da4e1abec22
Valid from Mon May 23 23:42:03 WEST 2016 until Tue May 23 23:42:03 WEST 2017

trigger seeding of SecureRandom
done seeding SecureRandom
Server started: [SSL: ServerSocket[addr=0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0,localport=5000]]
Waiting for a client ...
Allow unsafe renegotiation: false
Allow legacy hello messages: true
Is initial handshake: true
Is secure renegotiation: false
Client accepted: 74ce57fc[SSL_NULL_WITH_NULL_NULL: Socket[addr=/127.0.0.1,port=57519,localport=5000]]
Waiting for a client ...
Server Thread 57519 running.
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1
No available cipher suite for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1.1
No available cipher suite for TLSv1.1
[Raw read]: length = 5
0000: 16 03 03 00 52 ....R
[Raw read]: length = 82
0000: 01 00 00 4E 03 03 57 44 7B 3B B8 1E 77 88 AF 4E ...N..WD.;..w..N
0010: C7 CA 73 CE AC 38 62 5D 18 BD 9A 16 7E 25 86 25 ..s..8b].....%.%
0020: 36 1C EF F5 B6 FF 00 00 02 00 3D 01 00 00 23 00 6.........=...#.
0030: 0D 00 1A 00 18 06 03 06 01 05 03 05 01 04 03 04 ................
0040: 01 03 03 03 01 02 03 02 01 02 02 01 01 FF 01 00 ................
0050: 01 00 ..
Thread-1, READ: TLSv1.2 Handshake, length = 82
*** ClientHello, TLSv1.2
RandomCookie: GMT: 1464105787 bytes = { 184, 30, 119, 136, 175, 78, 199, 202, 115, 206, 172, 56, 98, 93, 24, 189, 154, 22, 126, 37, 134, 37, 54, 28, 239, 245, 182, 255 }
Session ID: {}
Cipher Suites: [TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256]
Compression Methods: { 0 }
Extension signature_algorithms, signature_algorithms: SHA512withECDSA, SHA512withRSA, SHA384withECDSA, SHA384withRSA, SHA256withECDSA, SHA256withRSA, SHA224withECDSA, SHA224withRSA, SHA1withECDSA, SHA1withRSA, SHA1withDSA, MD5withRSA
Extension renegotiation_info, renegotiated_connection: <empty>
***
[read] MD5 and SHA1 hashes: len = 82
0000: 01 00 00 4E 03 03 57 44 7B 3B B8 1E 77 88 AF 4E ...N..WD.;..w..N
0010: C7 CA 73 CE AC 38 62 5D 18 BD 9A 16 7E 25 86 25 ..s..8b].....%.%
0020: 36 1C EF F5 B6 FF 00 00 02 00 3D 01 00 00 23 00 6.........=...#.
0030: 0D 00 1A 00 18 06 03 06 01 05 03 05 01 04 03 04 ................
0040: 01 03 03 03 01 02 03 02 01 02 02 01 01 FF 01 00 ................
0050: 01 00 ..
%% Initialized: [Session-1, SSL_NULL_WITH_NULL_NULL]
%% Invalidated: [Session-1, SSL_NULL_WITH_NULL_NULL]
Thread-1, SEND TLSv1.2 ALERT: fatal, description = handshake_failure
Thread-1, WRITE: TLSv1.2 Alert, length = 2
[Raw write]: length = 7
0000: 15 03 03 00 02 02 28 ......(
Thread-1, called closeSocket()
Thread-1, handling exception: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: no cipher suites in common
57519 ERROR reading: no cipher suites in common
Removing client thread 57519 at 0
Thread-1, called close()
Thread-1, called closeInternal(true)
Thread-1, called close()
Thread-1, called closeInternal(true)
Thread-1, called close()
Thread-1, called closeInternal(true)

Process finished with exit code 130

Answer

The keystore for each authenticated party, always the server and here the client also because you specified NeedClientAuth, must have the PRIVATE KEY AND certificate(s), not merely the certificate(s). There are two ways to do this:

The latter method (separate entries for ca.crt and privatekey+server.crt) has the advantage this same file can be used as both the keystore and truststore, you don't need to use serverkey as clienttrust and vice versa. If these were real systems, this would be a security benefit.

A final note: you should start using RSA 2048-bit keys. 1024-bit has been prohibited by authorities like NIST and CABforum since 2014, and although Java still accepts them, most browsers and many other tools are already warning for them and likely soon will reject them. For similar reasons you should sign the certificates with at least SHA256 -- this can be set in the config file used by ca or you can just use the commandline flag -md sha256.