CrazyDev CrazyDev - 3 months ago 11
iOS Question

iOS: Compare two NSDate-s without time portion

I want to compare two dates: date1 and date2

2011-06-06 12:59:48.994 Project[419:707] firstDate:2011-06-06 10:59:21 +0000
2011-06-06 12:59:49.004 Project[419:707] selectedData:2011-06-06 10:59:17 +0000


but these dates have different time and when I use NSOrderedSame it don't work fine, how can I solve?

my code:

NSDate *firstDate = [[appDelegate.project objectAtIndex:i]objectAtIndex:3];
NSDate *secondDate = [[appDelegate.project objectAtIndex:i]objectAtIndex:4];

NSCalendar *calendar = [NSCalendar currentCalendar];
NSInteger comps = (NSDayCalendarUnit | NSMonthCalendarUnit | NSYearCalendarUnit);

NSDateComponents *date1Components = [calendar components:comps
fromDate:firstDate];
NSDateComponents *date2Components = [calendar components:comps
fromDate:secondDate];
NSDateComponents *date3Components = [calendar components:comps fromDate:appDelegate.selectedDate];

NSLog(@"firstDate:%@", [date1Components date]);
NSLog(@"secondDate:%@", [date2Components date]);
NSLog(@"selectedData:%@", [date3Components date]);

NSComparisonResult compareStart = [[date1Components date] compare: [date3Components date]];
NSComparisonResult compareEnd = [[date2Components date] compare: [date3Components date]];

if ((compareStart == NSOrderedAscending || compareStart == NSOrderedSame)
&& (compareEnd == NSOrderedDescending || compareEnd == NSOrderedSame))

{
NSLog(@"inside");


Then I want to compare my dates and entry inside the "if" when date1 <= selectedDate <= date2; now I understand because I have a warning: I should add this "[date1Components date]" and it work; the problem is that I have in the NSLog null values, why??

Answer
NSCalendar *calendar = [NSCalendar currentCalendar];
NSInteger comps = (NSDayCalendarUnit | NSMonthCalendarUnit | NSYearCalendarUnit);

NSDateComponents *date1Components = [calendar components:comps 
                                                fromDate: date1];
NSDateComponents *date2Components = [calendar components:comps 
                                                fromDate: date2];

date1 = [calendar dateFromComponents:date1Components];
date2 = [calendar dateFromComponents:date2Components];

NSComparisonResult result = [date1 compare:date2];
if (result == NSOrderedAscending) {
} else if (result == NSOrderedDescending) {
}  else {
    //the same
}

There is another handy method to create for a given date the date that represents the start of a given unit: [aCalendar rangeOfUnit:startDate:interval:forDate:]
To illustrate how this method works, see this code, that easily creates the date for the beginning of the day, week, month and year for a given date (here: now).

NSDate *now = [NSDate date];
NSDate *startOfToday = nil;
NSDate *startOfThisWeek = nil;
NSDate *startOfThisMonth = nil;
NSDate *startOfThisYear = nil;
[[NSCalendar currentCalendar] rangeOfUnit:NSDayCalendarUnit startDate:&startOfToday interval:NULL forDate:now];
[[NSCalendar currentCalendar] rangeOfUnit:NSWeekCalendarUnit startDate:&startOfThisWeek interval:NULL forDate:now];
[[NSCalendar currentCalendar] rangeOfUnit:NSMonthCalendarUnit startDate:&startOfThisMonth interval:NULL forDate:now];
[[NSCalendar currentCalendar] rangeOfUnit:NSYearCalendarUnit startDate:&startOfThisYear interval:NULL forDate:now];

NSDateFormatter *formatter = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];
[formatter setDateStyle:NSDateFormatterFullStyle];
[formatter setTimeStyle:NSDateFormatterFullStyle];

NSLog(@"%@", [formatter stringFromDate:now]);
NSLog(@"%@", [formatter stringFromDate:startOfToday]);
NSLog(@"%@", [formatter stringFromDate:startOfThisWeek]);
NSLog(@"%@", [formatter stringFromDate:startOfThisMonth]);
NSLog(@"%@", [formatter stringFromDate:startOfThisYear]);

result:

Thursday, July 12, 2012, 4:36:07 PM Central European Summer Time 
Thursday, July 12, 2012, 12:00:00 AM Central European Summer Time 
Sunday, July 8, 2012, 12:00:00 AM Central European Summer Time 
Sunday, July 1, 2012, 12:00:00 AM Central European Summer Time 
Sunday, January 1, 2012, 12:00:00 AM Central European Standard Time

this allows us to shorten the first code to:

[[NSCalendar currentCalendar] rangeOfUnit:NSDayCalendarUnit startDate:&date1 interval:NULL forDate:date1];
[[NSCalendar currentCalendar] rangeOfUnit:NSDayCalendarUnit startDate:&date2 interval:NULL forDate:date2];

NSComparisonResult result = [date1 compare:date2];
if (result == NSOrderedAscending) {
} else if (result == NSOrderedDescending) {
}  else {
    //the same
}

Note, that in this code, date1 and date2 will be overwritten. Alternatively you can pass in a reference to another NSDate pointer for startDate as shown in the code above, where now stays untouched.

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