Betafish Betafish - 22 days ago 6
Java Question

Printing HashMap of HashMaps : Map.Entry or java8

I have a method which returns out hashmap of hashmaps

HashMap<String, HashMap<String, String>> mapofmaps = abcd(<String>, <Integer>);


I am trying to print the the outer hashmap using the following code

for (Entry<String, HashMap<String, String>> entry : mapofmaps.entrySet()) {
String key = entry.getKey();
System.out.println(key);

HashMap<String, String> value = entry.getValue();
System.out.println(key + "\t" + value);
}


I would like to iterate through the inner map. What would be the entryset variable there (??? in the code).

for (Entry<String, HashMap<String, String>> entry : mapofmaps.entrySet()) {
String key = entry.getKey();
System.out.println(key);
for(Entry<String, HashMap<String, String>> entry : ????.entrySet()){
HashMap<String, String> value = entry.getValue();
System.out.println(key + "\t" + value);
}}


Is my logic for printing the hashmaps correct? or is there a better way to do that?

Answer

It will be entry.getValue().entrySet() so

 for(Entry<String, String> innerEntry : entry.getValue().entrySet()){

then you can use

    String key    = innerEntry.getKey();
    String value  = innerEntry.getValue();

It is worth mentioning that, this can also be done Using java 8 Streams and lambda expressions

    HashMap<String, HashMap<String, String>> mapofmaps = new HashMap<>();

    HashMap<String,String> map1 = new HashMap<>();
    map1.put("map1_key1", "map1_value1");

    HashMap<String,String> map2 = new HashMap<>();
    map2.put("map2_key1", "map2_value1");

    mapofmaps.put("map1", map1);
    mapofmaps.put("map2", map2);

     // To print the keys and values
     mapofmaps.forEach((K,V)->{                 // mapofmaps entries
         V.forEach((X,Y)->{                     // inner Hashmap enteries
             System.out.println(X+" "+Y);       // print key and value of inner Hashmap 
         });
     });

mapofmaps.forEach((K,V) : This expects a lambda expressions which takes two inputs i.e Key (String) and Value (HashMap)

V.forEach((X,Y)->{ : As this is applied on inner (V: fetched through previous foreach) hashmap so both Key and Value will be strings

Reference for further reading :

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