Guisong He Guisong He - 1 year ago 112
SQL Question

ERROR: column "this_.created_time" must appear in the GROUP BY clause or be used in an aggregate function

I encountered a problem when I did a query with hibernate's criteria. The generated SQL is very simple:

/* criteria query */
count(*) as y0_
cx_vss_video this_
order by
this_.created_time asc

And it complained the error:

Caused by: org.postgresql.util.PSQLException: ERROR: column "this_.created_time" must appear in the GROUP BY clause or be used in an aggregate function
Position: 105
at org.postgresql.core.v3.QueryExecutorImpl.receiveErrorResponse(

There was a existed samilar problem here. But its answer seems very complicated and not resonable. So any another solution?

My entity class:

@Table(name = "cx_vss_video")
public class Video {

public enum TranscodingStatus {

@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.SEQUENCE, generator = "cx_vss_video_seq")
@SequenceGenerator(name = "cx_vss_video_seq", sequenceName = "cx_vss_video_seq")
private Long id;

@Column(name = "uploader_name", nullable = false)
private String uploaderName;

@Column(name = "file_name")
private String fileName;

@Column(name = "created_time")
private Date createdTime = new Date();

@Column(name = "transcoding_status")
private TranscodingStatus transcodingStatus = TranscodingStatus.TRANSCODING;

I can order by
normaly but no luck when ordered by
. I'm confused where does the problem come about? And the problem also arise when I using H2.

I finally solved the problem by removing the order argument and it works now.

CriteriaImpl criteriaImpl = criteria instanceof CriteriaImpl ? (CriteriaImpl) criteria : null;
if (criteriaImpl != null) {
Iterator<OrderEntry> it = criteriaImpl.iterateOrderings();
while (it.hasNext()) {;
totalResults = (long) criteria.uniqueResult();

Answer Source

You need an aggregation function on the query. So, it should look like this:

select count(*) as y0_ 
from cx_vss_video this_ 
where this_.uploader_id = ? 
group by ??
order by max(this_.created_time) asc;

That is, you need a group by and to fix the order by.

Why? Well, your original query -- without the group by -- is an aggregation query that returns one row. It doesn't make sense to order a result set with one row. So, I assume you want to aggregate by something, hence the ??. Then, you can order by either an aggregation column or an aggregation function.

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