I have a small web-server that I wrote with Sinatra. I want to be able to log messages to a log file. I've read through http://www.sinatrarb.com/api/index.html and www.sinatrarb.com/intro.html, and I see that Rack has something called Rack::CommonLogger, but I can't find any examples of how it can be accessed and used to log messages. My app is simple so I wrote it as a top-level DSL, but I can switch to subclassing it from SinatraBase if that's part of what's required.
Rack::CommonLogger won't provide a logger to your main app, it will just logs the request like Apache would do.
Check the code by yourself: http://github.com/rack/rack/blob/master/lib/rack/commonlogger.rb
Rack apps have the call method that get's invoked with the HTTP Request env, if you check the call method of this middleware this is what happens:
def call(env) began_at = Time.now status, header, body = @app.call(env) header = Utils::HeaderHash.new(header) log(env, status, header, began_at) [status, header, body] end
@app in this case is the main app, the middleware is just registering the time the request began at, then it class your middleware getting the [status, header, body] triple, and then invoke a private log method with those parameters, returning the same triple that your app returned in the first place.
logger method goes like:
def log(env, status, header, began_at) now = Time.now length = extract_content_length(header) logger = @logger || env['rack.errors'] logger.write FORMAT % [ env['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'] || env["REMOTE_ADDR"] || "-", env["REMOTE_USER"] || "-", now.strftime("%d/%b/%Y %H:%M:%S"), env["REQUEST_METHOD"], env["PATH_INFO"], env["QUERY_STRING"].empty? ? "" : "?"+env["QUERY_STRING"], env["HTTP_VERSION"], status.to_s[0..3], length, now - began_at ] end
As you can tell, the
log method just grabs some info from the request env, and logs in on a logger that is specified on the constructor call, if there is no logger instance then it goes to the
rack.errors logger (it seems there is one by default)
The way to use it (in your
logger = Logger.new('log/app.log') use Rack::CommonLogger, logger run YourApp
If you want to have a common logger in all your app, you could create a simple logger middleware:
class MyLoggerMiddleware def initialize(app, logger) @app, @logger = app, logger end def call(env) env['mylogger'] = @logger @app.call(env) end end
To use it, on your
logger = Logger.new('log/app.log') use Rack::CommonLogger, logger use MyLoggerMiddleware, logger run MyApp
Hope this helps.