DaGrooveNL DaGrooveNL - 3 months ago 65
HTML Question

MVC AutoComplete EditorFor while using Html.BeginCollectionItem

I am trying to create an AutoComplete textbox, while using an

EditorTemplate
. The problem I am facing is that by using the
Html.BeginCollectionItem()
extension solution (https://www.nuget.org/packages/BeginCollectionItem/), the Id's of the
EditorFor()
and
TextBoxFor()
methods get set dynamically and this breaks my javascript. Next to that, I do not exactly know if this is even possible (and if so, how. Below you will find how far I have come).

In the main view I have a loop to generate a partial view for each item in a collection

for (int i = 0; i < Model.VoedingCollection.Count; i++)
{
@Html.EditorFor(x => x.VoedingCollection[i], "CreateVoedingTemplate")
}


The partial view
CreateVoedingTemplate.cshtml
uses the
Html.BeginCollectionItem()
method

@using (Html.BeginCollectionItem("VoedingCollection"))
{
string uniqueId = ViewData.TemplateInfo.HtmlFieldPrefix.Replace('[', '_').Replace(']', '_').ToString();
string searchId = "Search_";
string standaardVoedingId = "StandaardVoeding_";
foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> item in ViewData)
{
if (item.Key == "Count")
{
searchId = searchId + item.Value.ToString();
standaardVoedingId = standaardVoedingId + item.Value.ToString();
}
}

<div class="form-horizontal">
<div class="form-group" id=@standaardVoedingId>
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.fk_standaardVoedingId, "Voeding naam", htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.HiddenFor(model => model.fk_standaardVoedingId)
<input type="text" id='@searchId' placeholder="Search for a product"/>
</div>
</div>
</div>

<script type="text/javascript">
var id = '@uniqueId' + '_fk_standaardVoedingId'.toString();
var search = '@searchId'.toString();

var url = '@Url.RouteUrl("DefaultApi", new { httproute = "", controller = "AgendaApi" })';

$(document.getElementById(search)).autocomplete({
source: function (request, response) {
$.ajax({
url: url,
data: { query: request.term },
dataType: 'json',
type: 'GET',
success: function (data) {
response($.map(data, function (item) {
return {
label: item.standaardVoedingNaam,
value: item.standaardVoedingId
}
}));
}
})
},
select: function (event, ui) {
$(document.getElementById(search)).val(ui.item.label);
//$('#id').val(ui.item.value);
document.getElementById(id).value = ui.item.value;
return false;
},
minLength: 1
});
</script>
}

<link href="~/Content/SearchBox/jquery-ui.css" rel="stylesheet" />
<script src="~/Scripts/SearchBox/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/SearchBox/jquery-ui.js"></script>


In the script above, I am trying to make a function where the user can type in the name of a
standaardVoeding
item and then get results, where, after the user selects a
standaardVoeding
item, the
standaardVoedingId
property gets set. Then, after submitting the whole form, the controller receives the
standaardVoedingId
(with all the other info as well)

So I guess Javascript somehow cannot handle the Razor View
@
code and, next to that,
Html.BeginCollectionItem
does something fishy because you cannot set the value of its textboxes via code during runtime. Next to that, I have tried doing
alert(document.getElementById(*html.begincollectionitemId*))
and it finds the fields fine. But apparently all other methods do not work?

Is there perhaps a better solution to getting this to work?

Answer

The BeginCollectionItem() method alters the id and name attributes of the html generated by the inbuilt helpers, in your case, for the hidden input, instead of

<input ... name="fk_standaardVoedingId" .... />

it will generate

<input ... name="VoedingCollection[xxxx].fk_standaardVoedingId" .... />

where xxxx is a Guid.

While it would be possible to use javascript to extract the Guid value from the textbox (assuming that was generated correctly usind @Html.TextBoxFor()) and build the id of the associated hidden input to use as a selector, it is far easier to use class names and relative selectors.

You also need to remove your scripts and css from the partial and put that in the main view (or its layout). Apart from the inline scripts, your duplicating it for each item in your collection.

Your partial needs to be

@using (Html.BeginCollectionItem("VoedingCollection"))
{
    <div class="form-horizontal">   
       <div class="form-group">
            @Html.LabelFor(model => model.fk_standaardVoedingId, "Voeding naam", htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
            <div class="col-md-10 item"> // add class name
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.fk_standaardVoedingId)
                <input type="text" class="search" placeholder="Search for a product"/>
            </div>
       </div>
    </div>
}

Note the class name for the textbox and its container which also includes the hidden input. Then in the main view, the script will be

<script type="text/javascript">
    var url = '@Url.RouteUrl("DefaultApi", new { httproute = "", controller = "AgendaApi" })';
    // Attach the script to all textboxes
    $('.search').autocomplete({
        source: function (request, response) {
            $.ajax({
                url: url,
                data: { query: request.term },
                dataType: 'json',
                type: 'GET',
                success: function (data) {
                    response($.map(data, function (item) {
                        return {
                            label: item.standaardVoedingNaam,
                            value: item.standaardVoedingNaam, // this needs to be the name
                            id: item.standaardVoedingId // add property for the id
                        }
                    }));
                }
            })
        },
        select: function (event, ui) {
            // Get the associated hidden input
            var input = $(this).closest('.item').find('input[type="hidden"]');
            // Set the value of the id property
            input.val(ui.item.id);
        },
        minLength: 1
    });
</script>

Based on your comments that your are not dynamically adding or removing items in the view, then there is no point in the extra overhead or using the BeginCollectionItem() method. Change the name of your partial to standaardvoeding.cshtml (assuming that's the name of the class) and move it to the /Views/Shared/EditorTemplates folder.

Then in the main view, replace your for loop with

@Html.EditorFor(m => m.VoedingCollection)

which will generate the correct html for each item in the collection. Finally remove the BeginCollectionItem() method from the template so that its just

<div class="form-horizontal">   
   <div class="form-group">
        @Html.LabelFor(m => m.fk_standaardVoedingId, "Voeding naam", htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
        <div class="col-md-10 item"> // add class name
            @Html.HiddenFor(m => m.fk_standaardVoedingId)
            <input type="text" class="search" placeholder="Search for a product"/>
        </div>
   </div>
</div>