I need a platform independent (Linux/Unix|OSX) shell/bash command that will determine if a specific process is running. e.g.
pgrep are great tools for determining what's running, they are both, unfortunately, unavailable on some operating systems. A definite fail safe would be to use the following:
ps cax | grep command
The output on Gentoo Linux:
14484 ? S 0:00 apache2 14667 ? S 0:00 apache2 19620 ? Sl 0:00 apache2 21132 ? Ss 0:04 apache2
The output on OS X:
42582 ?? Z 0:00.00 (smbclient) 46529 ?? Z 0:00.00 (smbclient) 46539 ?? Z 0:00.00 (smbclient) 46547 ?? Z 0:00.00 (smbclient) 46586 ?? Z 0:00.00 (smbclient) 46594 ?? Z 0:00.00 (smbclient)
On both Linux and OS X, grep returns an exit code so it's easy to check if the process was found or not:
#!/bin/bash ps cax | grep httpd > /dev/null if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then echo "Process is running." else echo "Process is not running." fi
Furthermore, if you would like the list of PIDs, you could easily grep for those as well:
ps cax | grep httpd | grep -o '^[ ]*[0-9]*'
Whose output is the same on Linux and OS X:
3519 3521 3523 3524
The output of the following is an empty string, making this approach safe for processes that are not running:
ps cax | grep aasdfasdf | grep -o '^[ ]*[0-9]*'
This approach is suitable for writing a simple empty string test, then even iterating through the discovered PIDs.
#!/bin/bash PROCESS=$1 PIDS=`ps cax | grep $PROCESS | grep -o '^[ ]*[0-9]*'` if [ -z "$PIDS" ]; then echo "Process not running." 1>&2 exit 1 else for PID in $PIDS; do echo $PID done fi
You can test it by saving it to a file (named "running") with execute permissions (chmod +x running) and executing it with a parameter:
#!/bin/bash ps cax | grep httpd if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then echo "Process is running." else echo "Process is not running." fi
Please keep in mind that you're simply parsing the output of
ps ax which means that, as seen in the Linux output, it is not simply matching on processes, but also the arguments passed to that program. I highly recommend being as specific as possible when using this method (e.g.
./running "mysql" will also match 'mysqld' processes). I highly recommend using
which to check against a full path where possible.