Yuliya Yuliya - 1 month ago 17
Python Question

Python: Multipart html email is sent both with embedded image and attachment

I have checked many posts about it, but still cant find a solution.
I am able to send email with embedded pictures, but the email also includes those pictures as attachments, and I need only embedded pictures. I have tried many variations, with 'related' type, 'mixed'. Also with html code inside Python program (not in Jinja2 template), but i cant make it work.

list_of_images = get_graphs() #list with file names

# here if I put "related" - images are sent ONLY as attachments
mail = MIMEMultipart()
for filename in list_of_images:
fp = open(filename, 'rb')
msg_img = MIMEImage(fp.read())
fp.close()
msg_img.add_header('Content-ID', '<{}>'.format(filename))
msg_img.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'inline', filename=filename)
mail.attach(msg_img)
#Jinja2 for html template
env = Environment(loader=FileSystemLoader('.'))
main = env.get_template('images.tpl')
html = main.render(pictures=list_of_images)
msgHtml = MIMEText(html, 'html')
mail.attach(msgHtml)

mail['Subject'] = "TEST"
mail['From'] = "email@addr"
mail['To'] = "email@addr"
s = smtplib.SMTP("localhost")
s.sendmail(mail['From'], "email@addr", mail.as_string())
s.quit()


jinja template:

<html>
<body>
{% for image in pictures %}
<img src="cid:{{image}}">
{% endfor %}
</body>
</html>

Answer

Attach the HTML first or specify a "start" parameter to the multipart/related content type.

Quoting RFC2387:

The start parameter, if given, is the content-ID of the compound object's "root". If not present the "root" is the first body part in the Multipart/Related entity. The "root" is the element the applications processes first.

So, in your example, you might make these changes to mark the root element:

mail = MIMEMultipart("related", start="<HTML>", type="text/html") 
...
msgHtml.add_header('Content-ID', '<HTML>')

At least in Google Mail, either placing the HTML first or adding the "start" parameter allows the images to be displayed inline.

Complete example:

from jinja2 import Template
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage
from glob import glob
from getpass import getpass
import smtplib

me = 'example@gmail.com'
you= 'example@gmail.com'
auth = ('example@gmail.com', getpass())
mx=  ('smtp.gmail.com', 465)

list_of_images = glob('*.jpg')

mail = MIMEMultipart("related")
#Jinja2 for html template
main = Template('''
    <html><body>
    {% for image in pictures %}<img src="cid:{{image}}">{% endfor %}
    </body></html>''')
html = main.render(pictures=list_of_images)
msgHtml = MIMEText(html, 'html')
mail.attach(msgHtml)

for filename in list_of_images:
    fp = open(filename, 'rb')
    msg_img = MIMEImage(fp.read())
    fp.close()
    msg_img.add_header('Content-ID', '<{}>'.format(filename))
    msg_img.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'inline', filename=filename)
    mail.attach(msg_img)

mail['Subject'] = "TEST"
mail['From'] = me
mail['To'] = you

s = smtplib.SMTP_SSL(*mx)
s.login(*auth)
s.sendmail(me, you, mail.as_string())
s.quit()
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