Shrayas Shrayas - 7 months ago 20
SQL Question

SQL server query to get the list of columns in a table along with Data types, NOT NULL, and PRIMARY KEY constraints

I need to write a query on SQL server to get the list of columns in a particular table, its associated data types and their length and if they are not null. I have managed to do this much. But now i also need to get in the same table against a column - TRUE if it is a primary key. How do i do this ?

This is how the output should be:

Columns_name----Data type----Length----isnull----Pk


please help me!

Answer

To avoid duplicate rows for some columns, use user_type_id instead of system_type_id.

SELECT 
    c.name 'Column Name',
    t.Name 'Data type',
    c.max_length 'Max Length',
    c.precision ,
    c.scale ,
    c.is_nullable,
    ISNULL(i.is_primary_key, 0) 'Primary Key'
FROM    
    sys.columns c
INNER JOIN 
    sys.types t ON c.user_type_id = t.user_type_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    sys.index_columns ic ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    sys.indexes i ON ic.object_id = i.object_id AND ic.index_id = i.index_id
WHERE
    c.object_id = OBJECT_ID('YourTableName')

Just replace YourTableName with your actual table name - works for SQL Server 2005 and up.

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