e-satis e-satis - 2 months ago 5x
Git Question

In "git checkout -- files", what does "--" mean?

Is it the "end of option" I am used to see in bash (and if yes, why do we use it) or is it a Git notation for the Index or the HEAD?


The -- separates the paths from the other options. From the documentation:

git checkout [-f|--ours|--theirs|-m|--conflict=<style>] [<tree-ish>] [--] <paths>... 

If this notation didn't exist the following two commands would be ambiguous:

git checkout <tree-ish> <path1> <path2>
git checkout <path1> <path2> <path3>

With the -- notation it is clear which is meant:

git checkout <tree-ish> -- <path1> <path2>
git checkout -- <path1> <path2> <path3>

The documentation I linked to above includes an example of when you might need it:

$ git checkout hello.c

If you have an unfortunate branch that is named hello.c, this step would be confused as an instruction to switch to that branch. You should instead write:

$ git checkout -- hello.c