Yehoshafat Hashiloni Yehoshafat Hashiloni - 1 year ago 52
C++ Question

Can the 'type' of a lambda expression be expressed?

Thinking of lambda expressions as 'syntactic sugar' for callable objects, can the unnamed underlying type be expressed?

An example:

struct gt {
bool operator() (int l, int r) {
return l > r;
} ;

[](int l, int r) { return l > r; }
is an elegant replacement for the above code (plus the necessary creation of callable objects of gt), but is there a way to express gt (the type) itself?

A simple usage:

std::set<int, gt> s1; // A reversed-order std::set
// Is there a way to do the same using a lambda?
std::set<int, some-magic-here-maybe([](int l, int r) { return l > r; }) > s2;

Answer Source

No, you cannot put it into decltype because

A lambda-expression shall not appear in an unevaluated operand

You can do the following though

auto n = [](int l, int r) { return l > r; };
std::set<int, decltype(n)> s(n);

But that is really ugly. Note that each lambda expression creates a new unique type. If afterwards you do the following somewhere else, t has a different type than s

auto n = [](int l, int r) { return l > r; };
std::set<int, decltype(n)> t(n);

You can use std::function here, but note that this will incur a tiny bit of runtime cost because it needs an indirect call to the lambda function object call operator. It's probably negligible here, but may be significant if you want to pass function objects this way to std::sort for example.

std::set<int, function<bool(int, int)>> s([](int l, int r) { return l > r; });

As always, first code then profile :)